Personal Tech

Lenovo spits out retro ThinkPads for iconic laptop's 25th birthday

A look into Big Blue and Lenovo's forays into beloved black boxes

By Iain Thomson in San Francisco


After teasing techies for months, Lenovo has finally unveiled the ThinkPad 25: a laptop designed to mimic the look and feel of the legendary IBM ThinkPad but with all modern components.

This 336.6 mm x 232.5 mm x 19.95 mm ThinkPad 25 has the seven-row keyboard beloved by ThinkPad devotees but which Lenovo dumped in 2011, the familiar nipple mouse and a special logo and design to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the first ThinkPad, the 700C, which launched on October 4, 1992.

“ThinkPad design creates a powerful and synergistic relationship between form and function. It balances sophisticated aesthetics, thoughtfully crafted user experiences and renowned engineering in order to deliver superior products,” said David Hill, former chief design officer at Lenovo, on Thursday. “25 years after the introduction of the original 700C, the latest X1 Carbon is immediately recognizable as a ThinkPad.”

The new machine isn't cheap, even by ThinkPad standards. $1,899 gets you an Intel Core i7-7500U processor, 16GB of RAM and a 512GB solid state hard drive with a Nvidia GeForce 940MX 2GB GDDR5 graphics card to keep things moving.

It's back and it's beautiful

On the port side, the ThinkPad 25 is lavishly equipped – three USB 3.0 sockets, a USB-C with Intel Thunderbolt 3 port, Ethernet, HDMI, 3.5mm audio jack, and a four-in-one card reader. The whole unit weighs 1.6 kg and Lenovo claims the battery will last 14 hours between charges.

There are a few things missing that might upset purists. The keyboard is backlit but there's no light built into the top of the lid shining down onto the keys – which used to be very handy for reading documents in darkened conference sessions.

But as a lifelong ThinkPad devotee it's a tempting purchase, even at such a high price. Your humble hack's old X220 is one of the last units with the old-style keyboard, which is why it's in service six years later despite being so slow to boot you can make a cup of tea and be back before it's ready to use.

That’s the kind of devotion these machines can elicit in some. The history of the line is littered with similar cases of people who will give up their ThinkPads only when our cold, dead fingers are pried off them.

The making of a legend

The original ThinkPad was the brainchild of much-missed designer Richard Sapper and Arimasa Naitoh. The machine was a brave foray for the stodgy managers at IBM into the mobile computing market.

Ten years before the first ThinkPad landed, IBM had dominated the business PC market but the years hadn’t been kind to Big Blue since. After doing enough reverse engineering to make IBM-compatible PCs, and IBM’s subsequently unsuccessful attempt to lock down PC designs to its own specifications, the company was facing serious competition.

Laptops had been around since the early 1980s but they were heavy as hell, bulky, and not particularly user friendly. Apple introduced the PowerBook in 1991, arguably the first laptop that was pleasant to use, and the ThinkPad was IBM’s response.

The original ThinkPad (or to give it its proper name, the IBM 2521 ThinkPad) was a prototype tablet that went down like a lead balloon and was soon discontinued. So the laptop team stole the name and built their first prototype laptops

The first ThinkPad laptop was styled to look like a Japanese bento box and was the same size as a sheet of A4 paper. At first Naitoh thought that the test machines would be treated gently, since they were so expensive, but the test models came back with scratched edges, creaking hinges and body damage from drops.

As a result the design was changed to toughen up the design. The hinges were made out of stainless steel, the frame and the motherboard seating were reinforced against knocks and twisting and an accelerometer was fitted so that if the laptop was dropped the hard drive was instantly locked to protect it from damage.

In the beginning was the 700C

Senior brass at IBM didn’t like the concept. For a start all of Big Blue’s hardware had a numeric name and the ThinkPad was a departure from that. They even objected to the red color of the touch mouse, saying red was reserved for emergency off switches, so the ThinkPad team just called it magenta instead.

But they were proved wrong (hardly a new occurrence) when the ThinkPad turned into a real success. It helped that it had a fast 486 processor and a very sharp color 10.1-inch screen, but it was the toughness and rugged nature of the laptop that inspired buyers.

Laptops in spaaaace

NASA was just one such case. The ThinkPad appealed to the space agency just because of its rugged nature and the hardware became the first laptop to be certified for space travel. Even with the problems caused by cosmic rays, the ThinkPad was the laptop of choice for the spacefarers.

So many orbiting ThinkPads

The ThinkPad enticed businesspeople as well. Laptops back in those days were fragile and unpleasant to work with and the ThinkPad stood up to hard treatment very well. We used to joke that if a mugger tried to steal one you could beat him to death with it and still have a working machine afterwards.

But the ThinkPad also drew admiration for design quirks that others hadn't thought of. The aforementioned downlight was a big success when introduced in 1998 and many users loved the touch mouse – although many others hated it.


In 1995 the ThinkPad designers once again scored big points with the 701, which had a new keyboard that folded out to be larger than the body of the laptop itself. The 760, introduced the same year, had a keyboard that lifted to a tilt for easier typing, which also proved popular.

In 1997 the ThinkPad 770 came out with a very handy drive design that allowed users to swap a floppy drive, DVD-ROM or extra hard drive in. This proved useful for end users, but also for IBM which made bank selling the accessories.

The design wins continued as the IBM team carried on playing around, looking for new techniques to give them an edge. The 1999 ThinkPad 570 had a removable base station so that buyers got a small, light laptop for day-to-day use and an UltraBase docking station packed with ports for when they went back to their desks.

A less successful idea was the ThinkPad Transnote, which has an attached paper pad that could be used to put written text onto the computer. While it won design awards, it wasn't popular with buyers, particularly as the dotcom bust kicked in.

Pioneering and painful years

The ThinkPad line also had a number of firsts for the form factor. The 2004 ThinkPad T42 was the first laptop to have an integrated fingerprint reader for security. The following year, fears that the purchase of the brand by Lenovo would be a death knell proved unfounded when it introduced the X41. This had a screen mounted on a central bezel so that it could be swiveled and turned into a tablet.

At first the new ownership seemed to work, with a string of iconic ThinkPads including the carbon fiber X300, one of the best laptops of its generation. The 2012 X1 Carbon also used the new body material and has built a devoted following.

But then in 2013 Lenovo screwed the pooch and changed one of the most important features of the ThinkPad line, the keyboard. The old seven-row keyboard was dumped in favor of a six-line version with nasty rounded chiclet keys and some devotees quit in disgust.

The move didn’t hurt sales too badly, however, and Lenovo brought out a whole slew of ThinkPad-branded laptops that were snapped up. But purists noted that only those models aimed at business retained the hardiness and functionality of their predecessors, while consumer versions tended to fail more often and be more problematic.

The situation is going to get a little more complex in future because Lenovo has decided to give AMD a shot, while continuing to use Intel as a processor supplier. AMD's Ryzen chip family will power some models in the ThinkPad A Series line.

While the new ThinkPad 25 looks like a return to form, it remains to be seen whether Lenovo can get back on track or whether the ThinkPad brand is doomed to slow decline. That would be a sad end to a product line that has been the mainstay of business laptops for so many years. ®

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