Brouhaha over IBM using Flickr faces for AI training, big trouble in not-so-little China for Microsoft, and more
Plus: It's time to take AI to school
Roundup Hello, here's a quick lowdown on what's been going on in AI beyond what we've already reported lately.
Where did you get the data from? IBM was blasted this week for using millions of photos from Flickr, the popular image sharing website, to create a dataset aimed at making facial recognition systems less biased.
These machine-learning models need to be trained on millions of images, and it’s not easy to get your hands on that sort of data, so many developers just end up scraping them off the internet. Sometimes corner-cutting researchers take them from dating or social media websites without consent, and promise they’re processed in a way that keeps them private. And other times they’re lifted from platforms like Flickr with appropriate licensing rights.
IBM created its own Diversity in Faces dataset, which was made up of a million labelled Creative-Commons-licensed photos downloaded from Flickr. Under these conditions, the images could be used in any way as long as it was not for commercial purposes. IBM said its dataset was meant to be an academic resource, and was not publicly available for download or sale. You had to request access to the dataset.
Thus, the snaps were legally above board: they were uploaded to Flickr by users who marked them as available for non-commercial reuse, and IBM had reused them, as per the CC license, in its not-for-sale dataset.
Nevertheless, some people freaked out when they were told their photos were being used to train facial recognition systems, according to an NBC report. It seems people were happy for their photos to be shared, but didn't expect them to be used to train software. The photographers found it difficult to get their images removed from IBM's dataset, too, and it was impossible to delete them from copies that had already been given to eggheads.
The Creative Commons group responded here, stating that "fair use allows all types of content to be used freely."
It raised an interesting question: even if your data has been removed from a training dataset, is it impossible to delete it from systems that have already been trained on it?
And it raises a legitimate concern: for example, the US government, academics, and businesses have used datasets of photos of immigrants, abused children, and dead people to test their facial recognition systems, all without consent, according to separate research.
AI business school: Ah yes, AI and business. It’s all anyone ever wants to talk about these days in Silicon Valley.
But do you need to use AI in your company? (Most likely, no). Do you still want to use anyway? (Probably, yes). Well, here’s something that might be useful for you. Microsoft have released a free online course dubbed AI busines school for “business leaders to lead with confidence in the age of AI.”
“There is a gap between what people want to do and the reality of what is going on in their organizations today, and the reality of whether their organization is ready,” Mitra Azizirad, corporate vice president for AI marketing at Microsoft in Redmond, Washington, said this week.
“Developing a strategy for AI extends beyond the business issues,” she explained. “It goes all the way to the leadership, behaviors and capabilities required to instill an AI-ready culture in your organization.”
It’s different from most AI courses. AI business school is aimed at non-techies that are more interested in learning how deploying these systems will affect a company’s strategy and structure, and doesn’t teach you much about the technology itself.
You can start AI business school here.
Microsoft denies partnering with a Chinese surveillance org: Since we’re on the subject of Redmond, it has denied working with SenseTime, an asian AI unicorn startup, linked with the Chinese government in spying on China’s minority Muslim population.
SenseTime, valued over a billion dollars is one of the most successful computer vision companies in AI. It set up an office in Xinjiang, a region on the Northwest of China bordering Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, home to the largest Uyghur population. The startup noted Microsoft as one its partners on its website, leading the New Statesman to quiz the nature of their partnership.
Microsoft has denied it’s working with Sensetime, however. A spokesperson said that SenseTime was using its logo on its website without permission and has since asked for it to be removed.
And finally... In case you missed it, OpenAI, a leading San-Francisco-based AI non-profit research lab, has created a for-profit arm that hopes to raise enough capital from investors to continue its expensive work to develop artificial general intelligence in a way that doesn't harm humanity – a move that has proved divisive. And here's a deep look into DeepMind, Google's AI stablemate. ®
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