Why Flash storage will be fast and furious in 2014
We look in the rear view mirror before racing down the road ahead
SSDs catch on
SSDs steadily developed in the year but, really, the action was elsewhere, with SSDs being a maturing technology with, for example, NAND density increases enabling matching more product/pricing variations to market niches, and faster 12Gbit/s SAS interface products being introduced.
Still, there were a few highlights:
- sTec brought out a 2TB SAS SSD in January, the s840,
- Micron pushed out a number of SSDs in the year, such as updating its P400M SATA product with a 6Gbit/s SAS interface,
- HGST intro’d 12Gbit/s SAS interface SDDs (SSD100MR) in April,
- Plextor announced it would make a TLC SSD at CES in January and dropped the idea in June. RIP TLC.
- SMART announced a 2TB SSD in May
- Seagate announced a set of three SSDs in May, two 6 Gbit/s SATA and one 12Gbit/s SAS
- Samsung announced a 1.6TB SSD with a 3GB/sec bandwidth rating.
It's all incremental improvement with nothing that dramatic to make you sit up and take notice. SSDs have become dull.
Hybrids slip into disk drive market
There was a steady iteration of hybrid flash-disk drive technology products, using a small slug of flash cache - less than 24GB typically - and firmware to detect hot files and put them on the flash.
For example Seagate intro’d a Desktop SSHD with 2TB of disk capacity and an 8GB flash cache in March, its 3rd generation of hybrid drives, and rebranded its Momentus XT hybrid drives as Laptop SSHDs. It announced an enterprise hybrid, a 10K 2.5-inch drive with 16GB of flash in June, with IBM using it in some of its servers.
But revolution was coming. WD sub HGST talked up Apple Fusion-style separate SSD and disk drives in June. And in December WD announced its Black2 Dual Drive with a single casing enclosing a 1TB hard disk and a 120GB SSD.
Surprisingly the two devices are presented as two logically separate storage resources and not as a single pool. It remains to be seen if any other disk drive supplier will pick up this technology idea.
Server flash DIMMs
There was one other big flash technology development in the year; SMART Storage announced it had stuffed flash chips into a memory DIMM-type module, using Diablo Technologies IP, and so arrived at flash on a server's memory bus with access latency below that of PCIe flash.
Thus, cheap flash could be used as a part of the overall server memory system, functioning as storage memory. It would enable working set data to be held and accessed in memory - NAND flash - that was cheaper than DRAM and faster to access than PCIe flash, networked flash arrays and, slowest of all, network disk drive arrays. It all looks promising.
The technology began to be publicised in April. SanDisk bought SMART in July, and then Canadian memory access technology supplier Netlist sued SMART and Diablo for allegedly stealing its DIMM technology to produce the Flash DIMM ULLtraDIMM product.
The lawsuit caused documentation to be revealed which said IBM was building an X-Series servers that would use the ULLtraDIMM product. Other server supplier adoptions may be halted while the lawsuit plays out.
The number of PCIE flash card suppliers multiplied as everyone and their brother tried to get in on the server app flash acceleration game, In March we listed EMC, Fusion-io, IBM-TMS, Intel, Micron, LSI, OCZ, Samsung, Seagate-Virident, sTec, SanDisk, and Violin Memory. There has to be a shakeout. Some of the highlight news items in the year were:-
- sTec introduced a 2TB s1120 PCI flash card in January,
- HGST intro’d 12Gbit/s SAS interface SDDs in April,
- In April Fusion-io said its PCIe flash card technology could go to 9.6 million write IOPS; an amazing number.
- Violin Memory introduced its Velocity PCIe flash cards in June.
- Virident announced 4.8TB FlashMAX flash cards in September.
It was all pretty much "speeds and feeds" development but, overall, there were no real, blow your socks off, PCIe flash hardware advances.
Caching software announcements came but, effectively, only Fusion-io and Virident had software making PCIe flash usable as storage memory and, to our knowledge, no server vendor adopted that as a standard offering.
Overall PCIe flash card technology, like SSD technology had a fairly ordinary year, apart from two substantial developments that could rock the flash boat:
- WD's Black2 hybrid flash disk drive,
- SMART Storage's Flash DIMM.
Both of these are, so far, isolated technology developments and we'll have to see if they get wide appeal. Otherwise flash tech matured without dramatic fireworks.
But flash suppliers' business issues were far from ordinary with acquisitions galore and some suppliers stretched to breaking point by a market that raced away from them.
We'll get on to this meaty NAND news in part 2. ®