Articles about Endurance

Samsung PM835T TLC SSD

Hey, Samsung: Why so shy about your 960GB flash drive's endurance?

Samsung has gone and used cheap-to-make triple-level cell NAND chippery to make an SSD for data centre use. Will it catch on? Triple-level cell (TLC) flash chips mean fabs can extract more flash capacity from a silicon wafer, and so production costs are lower than for two-level cell MLC technology. Samsung says it gets "a 30 per …
Chris Mellor, 29 Apr 2014

Toshiba invites Seagate to the gun show after raising its SSD game

Toshiba's latest gen 3 enterprise SSDs show an uncanny resemblance to Seagate's 1200.2 products in model type, capacity range and endurance terms, with both suppliers topping out at 3.84TB. Odd that. The race is on for SSD suppliers to replace fast hard disk drives in the data centre, with Seagate, Micron and Toshiba all …
Chris Mellor, 05 Aug 2015

Nissan to enter 300 kmh electric car in Le Mans endurance race

With preparations now almost complete for the start of Saturday's 90th anniversary 24 Hours of Le Mans endurance race, Nissan has surprised the petro-heads by showing off a fully electric car that it will be entering into the competition next year. Nissan's ZEOD RC electric car Nissan goes to the home of motor sport to take on …
Iain Thomson, 22 Jun 2013

Seagate flaunts 4TB-ish enterprise SAS flash that can shift 1.8GB/s

Seagate has announced a not-quite 4TB, dual-port SAS SSD technology, built in an alliance with Micron: the drive giant is touting four 1200.2 products defined by their endurance. Micron is using the same tech in its S600DC SSD products. The 1200.2 is the first SSD, Seagate says, to optimize dual-port SAS capability, resulting …
Chris Mellor, 04 Aug 2015

SanDisk speeds up CloudSpeed Eco, raises capacity

SanDisk has souped up its CloudSpeed Eco SSD for cloud service providers, doubling its capacity and raising throughput, courtesy of a process shrink. CloudSpeed Eco Gen 1 was introduced at the end of March last year as a cost-effective SSD for cloud service provider use. It was built using a 19nm chip process and held up to …
Chris Mellor, 01 Jun 2015

Stuffing the wafers: SanDisk presses on with 48-layer 3D NAND chip

32 layers is so yesterday, man. SanDisk has a 48-layer 3D NAND chip in pilot production. Yeah, you heard me, the big four-eight. This can be seen as catch-up work as Samsung is now shipping its second generation 3D V-NAND chip, with 3-bits/cell and Dell using these 128Gbit dies in the SC-Series of storage arrays to offer …
Chris Mellor, 07 Aug 2015

Radian ready to replace the flash translation layer

Stealthy startup Radian Memory System's Symphonic software replaces an SSD's Flash Translation Layer software to accelerate performance up to 80 per cent and extend endurance. It's selling its own RMS-250 SSDs with this software for data centre use Flash Translation Layer (FTL) software enables a block-based SSD to be …
Chris Mellor, 04 Aug 2015

It's all downhill from here: Avalanche spins STT-RAM

Startup Avalanche is sampling an STT-RAM chip offering DRAM/SRAM speed, persistent storage, unlimited endurance and scalability beyond 10nm. The holy unified memory chip grail is to replace DRAM, SRAM and flash with a single chip tech, offering the benefits of each without the drawbacks. Thus NAND cannot scale down psst 10nm and …
Chris Mellor, 01 Jul 2015

HGST says its NVMe flash card will manage 750,000 IOPS

How does damn near three quarters of a million random read IOPS grab you? HGST is at last shipping its NVMe Ultrastar SN100 PCI flash card, first announced seven months ago. The speeds and feeds look impressive, with HGST saying it’s the “industry’s highest-performing NVMe compliant SSD series.” The specs are: 1.6TB and 3.2TB …
Chris Mellor, 13 Apr 2015
firing range - target in cross hairs

At LAST: RC4 gets the stake through the heart

One of the security set's most intractable problems is the stubborn endurance of old standards – the kind of thing that left SSLv3 hanging around so that people didn't have to weed out “fallback” code, for example. Well, at least one of security's code zombies, the insecure and inadequate RC4 crypto algorithm, has been …
Cyberman on steps of St. Paul's

Step by flashy step: Toshiba clambers up to next gen SSD

Toshiba has introduced SSDs using second-generation 19nm NAND tech to double the maximum capacity of one, and have a higher endurance rating on the other. The HK3R2 is the second generation of the HK3R product technology, using the same basic 19nm MLC NAND but with a newer production process enabling a capacity increase to 960GB …
Chris Mellor, 08 Dec 2014

Disk is dead, screeches Violin – and here's how it might happen

Analysis And in a flash, disk is dead. Well, actually, not that fast. But flash array flogger Violin Memory is convinced disk is dying in the data centre, killed by a series of NAND acronyms: 2D MLC, 3D TLC and, the final blow, 3D QLC. Is this view realistic? Even remotely realistic? It starts from a pair of observations by Violin …
Chris Mellor, 17 Jun 2015
Kingston HyperX Savage 240GB SSD

Kingston offers up its fastest SATA SSD: HyperX Savage 240GB

Review Kingston’s latest SATA-based addition to its HyperX range of SSDs is the Savage, an SSD which boasts some pretty impressive performance and endurance figures. Kingston HyperX Savage 240GB SSD The beast within: Kingston's HyperX Savage According to the official sequential figures for the drive, it is the company’s fastest …
Simon Crisp, 06 Jul 2015

The storage is alive? Flash lives longer than expected – report

StorageBod The Tech Report has been running an ‘SSD Endurance Experiment’ utilising consumer SSDs to see how long they last and what their "real world" endurance really is. It seem that pretty much all of the drives are very good and last longer than their manufacturers state. It's a fairly unusual state of affairs – something in IT that …
StorageBod, 19 Mar 2015

Fresh flashery from the NANDsters

The Flash Memory Summit has seen a fresh crop of SSDs and PCIe flash cards appear from NAND fans BiTMICRO, Seagate and Toshiba as they try to wow delegates and get sales momentum started. Seagate Nytro flash cards Seagate, flush and fresh with its strategic alliance with Micron over flash, has announced three new Nytro ( …
Chris Mellor, 12 Aug 2015
Crucial MX200 mSATA SSD

Storage boosters: Six mSATA format SSDs on test

Product Round-up The M.2 format for SSDs seems to be hogging all the headlines of late and the form factor may well be the future for storage for thin and light notebooks, tablets and nano-sized PCs. Yet the market is still gearing up to support it, so devices that can accommodate the format are still pretty thin on the ground, albeit improving …
Simon Crisp, 28 Aug 2015

Google's new squeeze: Brotli compression open-sourced

Google wants to bring to life the HBO series Silicon Valley: it's pitching a new open source compression algorithm into the world, with the hope that it can eventually end-of-life the venerable Deflate. Brotli (“small bread” in Swiss German, apparently) follows on from Zopfli (“little braid,” also bread-themed), but with …

Micron re-furtles its data centre SSD offering

Micron has revved its middle-of-the-road M500DC SSD with smaller cells and boosted security to turn out a cost-optimised SSD which it says will take over more work from spinning disks. The M510DC is built from 16nm MLC NAND and Micron says it's complementary to the existing M500DC SSD, built with older 20nm technology and …
Chris Mellor, 15 Jul 2015

Diskicide – the death of disk

How might disk death in the data center come about? These are the notes used at a Tech Unplugged event in Amsterdam on September 24, and they present a scenario in which data center disks could stop spinning. Is it a sensible scenario? Read on. I try and connect the dots in the industry, the dots being the myriad individual …
Chris Mellor, 28 Sep 2015
IBM Headquarters, Armonk, NY

IBM's FlashSystem 900: ‘Better capacity in less rack space’

IBM has upgraded its FlashSystem 840/V840 to the 900/V9000 all-flash array products, using MLC flash in a close collaboration with Micron to prevent any performance or reliability drop-off. The V9000 is as we described here and the 9000 product that we thought should exist but couldn't find, the upgraded 840, does actually exist …
Chris Mellor, 20 Feb 2015

Just ONE THOUSAND times BETTER than FLASH! Intel, Micron's amazing claim

Next year, the world will start using products with an amazing new type of memory in them - or so say Intel and Micron, allied to produce the 3D XPoint chippery. This is, we're told, a radical resistive-RAM technology that is bit-addressable, non-volatile, and forms a new memory tier between DRAM and NAND. That means software …
Chris Mellor, 28 Jul 2015

Filling the void between fast/expensive DRAM and slow/cheaper flash

The AupM001 storage module is made of ST-MRAM (Spin Torque Magnetic RAM) which combines DRAM speed with non-volatility and an interface compatible with DDR3 SDRAM. IT is a candidate tech to fill the void between fast, expensive and volatile DRAM on the one hand, and slow, cheaper, and persistent flash on the other. Intel and …
Chris Mellor, 17 Aug 2015

Samsung sneaks out its TRIM, SMART SSD model – using 3D Magic

A new, thinner and faster SSD from Samsung, using the M.2 form factor, is hitting the retail market next month. Sammy has taken its 850 PRO SSD with its 2.5-inch form factor and SATA interface and implemented the same 3D V-NAND 32-layer MLC flash in a smaller PCIe M.2 2280 form factor, and given it an NVMe driver. The result …
Chris Mellor, 22 Sep 2015

Super SSD tech: Fancy a bonkers 8TB all-flash PC?

Fancy an 8TB SSD? Put one in a PC or notebook and you've got yourself a smoking hot system, fast and with a gaping capacity for data. Zsolt Kerekes of StorageSearch flagged up Novachips and its coming 8TB 2.5-inch SSD. This story is being written on an iMac with a 1TB Fusion drive (combined SSD and HDD) which is pretty near …
Chris Mellor, 05 Mar 2015

Asimov's ghost! Oil and gas rigs could be taken over by robots

The European Space Agency has announced that a robot, building upon its ExoMars Rover, is bidding to win a place on oil and gas production rigs around the world, to work in remote and hazardous environments. Oil and gas giant Total's Autonomous Robot for Gas and Oil Sites (Argos) Challenge is a three-year competition to …
Team Register, 13 Jul 2015

Everyone's getting flashy: Intel and Micron want to feed you their wafers

Four months after revealing their 3D NAND flash tech, Intel and Micron say they are now sampling product - the day after beleaguered SanDisk announced its 48-layer tech would enter pilot production in the second half of the year. As our IMTF (Intel Micron Flash Technologies) pair, the boys from Boise, said last November their …
Chris Mellor, 27 Mar 2015
Assembled experiment lowered into a high-field magnet system. Image credit: Jason Krizan

Flash is fallible. But you'd rather have an AFA than spinning rust

We tend to think of flash as a solid-state disk – like spinning rust, only more expensive, consuming less power, and much, much faster. And yes, it is true that you can use it like that, but there is a lot more that flash can offer if you start to take into consideration what makes flash different in the first place. Simply …
Bryan Betts, 16 Jun 2015
Tokyo Skytree world's tallest tower

Micron stacks its 3D NAND high in 2015

Intel recently made a splash about its 3D NAND intentions. Knowing that Intel basically works with Micron on flash through the joint IMFT business, we asked Micron NAND marketing head Kevin Kilbuck about Micron's 3D NAND activities. El Reg: Why is 3D NAND needed? Kevin Kilbuck: Micron has been working on 3D NAND technology for …
Chris Mellor, 06 Jan 2015
Roy Lichtenstein Wham! Bang!

Kaminario playing 3D flash chippery doo-dah with its arrays

Interview Twitter can be great. There we were, we storage twits, talking about 3D flash, when Kaminario CTO Shachar Fienblit got in touch to say Kaminario was using 3D flash already. That makes it the first enterprise storage supplier to go 3D NAND, as far as we know, and has an 800GB 3D NAND SSD in its set of flash media. We got in touch …
Chris Mellor, 31 Mar 2015
Lego Monster Fighters Lord Vampyre

Micron cackles as it unveils its chameleonic FLYING DISK KILLER

Micron has a new M600 client SSD that changes flash type on the fly to accelerate writes. It's an update on the M500 series, we understand, and is made from 16nm NAND instead of the M500's 20nm. There are mSATA, M.2 and 2-5-inch SSD formats available with capacities being 128GB, 256GB and 512GB for the mSATA and M.2 formats, and …
Chris Mellor, 17 Sep 2014

All the flash world needs is more TLC, suggests report

Triple-level cell (TLC) flash is heading towards being nearly half of all flash shipments. A report from DRAMeXchange says TLC NAND flash will account for nearly half of the total NAND flash output in the fourth 2015 quarter. DRAMeXchange_TLC_chart The report author, Sean Yang, says TLC NAND is shifting from memory card and …
Chris Mellor, 27 Mar 2015

Kaminario gets triple vision with 3D 3-layer flash

Kaminario is joining Dell in the all-flash array (AFA) war with a capacity-rising and price-dropping K2 array using the same Samsung 3D TLC flash drives. The new, sixth generation – as we see it – K2, actually v5.5, offers an average price of under $1/GB usable, half that of the gen-5 product introduced in May 2014. Dell’s SC …
Chris Mellor, 20 Aug 2015
Projected PCM

Drifting phases and noise in phase-change memory

Phase change memory cells can, well, change, over time. Once set in their crystalline or amorphous phases the material can drift towards the other state rendering the cell's resistance level less clear and weakening its ability to story a binary one or zero. PCM (Phase-Change Memory) is one of the candidate persistent storage …
Chris Mellor, 04 Sep 2015

3D TLC VIMMs could play Violin's music

Comment Before we talk about 3D TLC VIMMs possibly coming to Violin Memory, let’s talk about network storage. It developed for a reason you know, I was reminded by Violin Memory CTO and co-founder Jon Bennet. Servers and storage develop at different rates and people (naturally) don’t want to get stuck with new servers hobbled by slow …
Chris Mellor, 19 Feb 2015

SanDisk gets all Tardis-like and shrinks cells to increase capacity

SanDisk has revved its CloudSpeed Ultra SSD, doubling capacity to 1.6TB by using smaller sized cells. Gen 1 Ultras used 19nm MLC NAND in 400GB and 800GB capacity points. The Gen 2 model uses 15nm flash and have 400GB, 800GB and 1.6TB capacities. Generally, they are faster than the Gen 1 products, although their endurance has …
Chris Mellor, 12 Aug 2015

Apple's portable power podule patent promises paroxysms of fanboi joy

Possibly realising that devices with a limited battery life can be annoying, Apple has filed a patent for a portable power system with a potential endurance of days, not hours. The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) published the patent (Number 8980491) assigned to the fruity firm for a design of a “portable and …
Samsung 3D V-NAND SSD

Samsung: We've slashed programming time with 3-bit vertical NAND

Korean flash foundry king Samsung has announced the entry of 3-bit (TLC) flash in its V-NAND product line at the Flash Memory Summit. The product has 32 layers of TLC NAND, TLC being triple-level cell as opposed to the bulk of today’s business NAND products which use MLC or 2-level cell with 2 bits per cell. TLC NAND is both …
Chris Mellor, 06 Aug 2014
X300 SSDs

SanDisk hopes to lure in enterprise clients with a little TLC (SSD)

Analysis SanDisk has launched its X300 3-bit per cell TLC SSD, which has neat-looking read performance – although the reported write endurance is less impressive. The X300 comes in 128GB, 256GB, 512GB and 1TB capacity points and is classed by Sandy as a client SSD, a mainstream corporate drive, meaning it can replace business users' …
Chris Mellor, 03 Oct 2014

HP flash splash at National Association of Broadcasters bash

HP has been flashing at the National Association of Broadcasters' event in Las Vegas, announcing desktop PCIe SSDs for media mavens to manipulate their massive files. The Z Turbo Drive G2 is a PCIe NVMe flash device using Samsung M.2 PCIe tech, which more than doubles the speed of its gen-1 predecessor, delivering "four times …
Chris Mellor, 15 Apr 2015
CloudSpeed product shot

SanDisk offers Cloudspeed flash options for pockets deep and shallow

SanDisk has revved its CloudSpeed SATA SSD line, adding a tad more random read speed, slowing down the random write speed and reducing the sequential read and write speeds a trifle, too. These are business/enterprise SSDs in a 2.5-inch form factor product line that SanDisk acquired when it bought SMART Storage. There were then …
Chris Mellor, 01 Apr 2014
Samsung 850 EVO 1TB SSD

Samsung's 850 EVO 1TB SSD appears live ... in 3D

Review It was only a matter of time before Samsung dropped its 32-layer 3D V-NAND (3D Vertical NAND) technology further down the food chain, following its début in the high-end 850 PRO. The result is now with us in the shape of the 850 EVO, which, just like its 840 EVO predecessor, differs from the standard 850 PRO in the type of NAND …
Simon Crisp, 19 Jan 2015

SanDisk opens for business with point-of-sale terminal SSD

SanDisk has built an SSD for point-of-sale terminals, digital signage and surveillance gear, saying it’s better than disk drive use. Tablet, notebook and PC OEMs could use it too, so long as they don’t need more than 256GB. The idea is to price the SSD “on a par” with disk drives, while pointing out that the Z400s outperforms …
Chris Mellor, 26 May 2015
Crucial BX100 and MX200 SSDs

Business or pleasure? Crucial MX200 and BX100 1TB SSDs

Review It’s not often you get an SSD manufacturer launching two new families of drives at the same time, but Crucial is back from kicking the sand into the faces of its competitors with its aggressive pricing policy of the MX100 series. This time it's flexing its muscles with the BX100 and MX200 ranges. Crucial BX100 SSD Budget 1TB …
Simon Crisp, 12 May 2015

Creaky PC? SanDisk gives users a NAND with speedy '3-bitter' SSD

SanDisk has pushed out an Ultra II SSD for retrofitting to PCs that uses lower cost 3-bits-per-cell NAND technology. TLC or 3 bits per cell flash stores 50 per cent more information in each cell than MLC (2 bits per cell) and is cheaper to make on a cost/bit basis. But the number of times TLC flash can be rewritten, the P/E …
Chris Mellor, 20 Aug 2014

Pure's mass disk drive killer lays out plans for flash hegemony

Comment Fresh from a big product and business model launch, Pure Storage was undestandably reticent about future technologies at a briefing in Mountain View. However, interesting tidbits did drop from speakers' lips. Co-founder John "Coz" Colgrove said: "Our goal is to make all disk storage extinct." Dressed in his signature long t- …
Chris Mellor, 25 Jun 2015

Carbon nanotube memory tech gets great big cash dollop

Future memory hardware startup Nantero has had a big funding round, suggesting its technology is getting closer to becoming a reality. It got $31.5m in an over-subscribed round to continue developing its nanotube-based non-volatile RAM (NRAM) semiconductor technology, which it says has DRAM read/write speed and is ultra-high …
Chris Mellor, 12 Jun 2015

Flash in the pan? Dell 3D TLC AFAs are cheaper than spinning rust

Dell is hitting a $1.66/GB all-flash array street price point using 3D TLC flash drives from Samsung, the first enterprise array supplier to go 3D and TLC. TLC (triple-level cell) NAND has 3 bits per cell and its production cost is roughly two thirds of 2-bits/cell MLC flash, the bulk of storage array flash shipped today. It’s …
Chris Mellor, 20 Jul 2015
USB flash drive with NAND chip and controller chip

Flash dead end is deferred by TLC and 3D

Comment The arrival of a flash dead-end is being delayed by two technologies, both involving the number three – three-level cell (TLC) flash and three-dimensional (3D) flash – with the combination promising much higher flash chip capacities. As ever with semi-conductor technology, users want more data in the same space and faster access …
Chris Mellor, 21 Apr 2015

Speed freak: Kingston HyperX Predator 480GB PCIe SSD

Review If evidence from last/early this year’s large technology shows is anything to go by, then 2015 might just be the year that consumer PCIe SSD market begins stirring – something that's long overdue. Kingston HyperX Predator 480GB HHHL PCIe SSD Kingston's HyperX Predator, the company's fastest SSD to date PCIe-based drives, …
Simon Crisp, 28 Jul 2015

Has NetApp solved the TLC for biz puzzle? We look at its MYSTERY SSD Mars sauce

Analysis NetApp is pinning FlashRay's future on TLC flash, which everyone else says is not fit for enterprise use. We talked to NetApp to find out how and why it's apparently got hold of secret TLC sauce that no one else has. Let's reiterate that TLC NAND is a crap enterprise storage technology. It stores 3 bits per cell instead of MLC's …
Chris Mellor, 29 Oct 2014