Articles about Endurance

WDC new products Dec 2016

WDC loads its belt-fed drive cannon, blasts out disks 'n' cards galore

Western Digital Corp wowed analysts with exec spiel and five – or was it six? – product announcements. We have helium gas-filled drives, a 3D TLC NAND microSD card, two SSDs and a promised furiously fast flash platform array overflowing with IOPS. We'll start with the rotating rust and an Ultrastar He12, 12TB helium-filled …
Chris Mellor, 08 Dec 2016
Black hole - spaghetti visualisation. Artist's impression.  NASA/JPL-Caltech, CC BY-SA

Micron wheels out 'highest density' SATA SSD on the market

+Comment Micron has introduced a 5100 line of data centre flash drives and promises it will be the highest-density SATA SSD on the market. There are three models and they all use TLC (3bits/cell) 3D flash and have a 6Gbps SATA interface: 5100 ECO – 480GB, 960GB, 1.9TB, 3.84TB and (coming) 7.86TB 5100 PRO – 240GB, 480GB, 960GB, 3. …
Chris Mellor, 05 Dec 2016
Avalanche

K2 promises faster data avalanche with NVMe drives

Interview NVMe adoption by array and storage software vendors is shaping up to be one of the single biggest transitions in the storage industry as the long-lived Fibre Channel SAN becomes the NVMeF SAN. How does non-NVMe SSD-using all-flash array vendor Kaminario view NVMe adoption? We asked CTO Shachar Fienblit how and why and when …
Chris Mellor, 29 Nov 2016
Transamerica_tower

Fancy a wee quasi-DRAM? Supermicro bulks up server memory

Data is getting closer to compute – Supermicro's X10DRU-i+ dual-socket server is available with 1TB or 2TB of application memory for analytics, database, and caching apps by being equipped with Diablo's Memory1 flash DIMM modules, and up to a 4x memory increase from DRAM-only servers. The flash is treated as quasi-DRAM with …
Chris Mellor, 21 Nov 2016

IBM stirs Lenovo Optane into its Bluemix cloud

Analysis Lenovo x86 servers fitted with Intel Optane SSDs will be available by the end of the year. According to this blog they will be used in IBM's public cloud, Bluemix, for customers to check out Optane performance, being made available free of charge on so-called innovator testbeds, and installed in IBM's Bluemix data centres. …
Chris Mellor, 04 Nov 2016
China

Whoosh! China shows off J-20 'stealth' fighters and jet drones

China has showed off its new J-20 fighter in public for the first time along with two jet-powered unmanned aircraft, according to reports. Two of the J-20s made a flypast at the Zhuhai airshow in Guangdong province, as reported by the BBC and the Guardian. The Chengdu J-20 is regarded as China's answer to the US F-22, itself …
Gareth Corfield, 01 Nov 2016
Intel_DC_P3100

Intel punches out data centre flash cardlet

Intel has released a tiny, single-sided and heavily read-optimised SDD for server use in data centres. The P3100 is an M.2 design (22 x 80mm) built from 3D TLC (3bits/cell) NAND. This format has begun appearing in tablets, thin notebooks and desktops as it doesn't take up much space and the use of TLC (3bits/cell) NAND means …
Chris Mellor, 28 Oct 2016
Integral_Novachips_SSDs

Scale-up SSDs buck the scale-out trend

Well, this is unfashionable: UK-based Integral Memory and Korean Flash storage provider Novachips have co-produced a SVR-PRO SATA III SSD suited for scale-up use. This 2.5in form factor drive has a daisy-ring architecture that is claimed to unfreeze the capacity restrictions of conventional parallel configurations. As each …
Chris Mellor, 26 Oct 2016
Twilight Zone, 'Time Enough At Last'

Want to use 3D XPoint DIMMs with Intel Purley Xeons? Wait a couple of years for second-gen

Intel will fab Xeon processors that support 3D XPoint DIMMs in two years, its CEO signaled to analysts on a conference call this month. 3D XPoint is Micron and Intel's post-NAND, non-volatile memory technology that is claimed to be faster than NAND, with near-DRAM speed, and denser and longer endurance. It is intended to fill …
Chris Mellor, 25 Oct 2016

Hitachi ups its array game with new hardware and software

Hitachi Data Systems has a new enterprise all-flash array and a faster hybrid array, doubled flash drive capacity and updated its Storage Virtualization Operating System (SVOS). Its Virtual Storage Platorm F (VSP) products are all-flash arrays with the G series being hybrid - both flash and disk. The new, high-end VSP F1500 …
Chris Mellor, 24 Oct 2016
Avalanche

Flash reaches the enterprise tipping point

Comment The use of disk drives to store performance data for enterprises is declining and, flash drives - SSDs - are taking their place. A wave of all-flash array (AFA) to disk array migration is starting to wash across data centres as generations of disk drive arrays give way to ones built with NAND flash drives. The tipping …
Chris Mellor, 20 Oct 2016
WD_Green_SSD

WD flashes first SanDisk drives: Blue and Green

WD has produced Blue and Green branded SATA SSDs, based on SanDisk technology, with these brands having been used for WD disk drives previously. The Green brand is for secondary storage, being reliable, cool and eco-friendly whilst Blue products are built for PC primary storage use. Other WD brand colours include Black for …
Chris Mellor, 12 Oct 2016
Man shouting the news from a rolled up newspaper

Chip-fryer hits 48 layers

SK Hynix is set to produce 48-layer 3D NAND. It has been reported that SK Hynix is completing a 3N NAND fab to produce 48-layer NAND chips. Stacking 2D or planar NAND in vertical layers increases the flash chip’s capacity without increasing its footprint. All NAND foundry operators are moving to 3D NAND as shrinking 2D NAND …
Chris Mellor, 03 Oct 2016

Why XPoint SSDs won't meet original speed claims: A guide

Comment Objective Analysis analyst Jim Handy has come up with a theory which he claims explains why Intel and Micron’s 3d XPoint memory will not meet its original performance claims. As Intel marketing droids have said, there is a difference between raw media access latency and SSD product access latency. Handy takes a (heh heh) handy …
Chris Mellor, 29 Sep 2016
Destry_rides_again_DO_NOT_USE

Violin hunts for elusive key to regrowth

Analysis The elusive hunt for renewal and regrowth at Violin Memory has moved into a new phase – with a product launch holding up sales, sales leadership change, and the CEO focusing on finding funding for the future. Violin has cleverly managed to avoid falling off a cliff despite falling sales revenues and investor despair. It …
Chris Mellor, 26 Sep 2016

NetApp facelift: FAS hardware refresh and a little nip ONTAP

NetApp has comprehensively refreshed its all-flash FAS and hybrid FAS arrays, adding performance, capacity and scalability upgrades, and supporting 32Gbit/s Fibre Channel and 40GbitE connectivity. ONTAP also gets upgraded, with Azure support for ONTAP Cloud This follows on from the E-Series launch of the entry-level all-flash …
Chris Mellor, 26 Sep 2016

Intel XPoint over-selling criticism surges as Chipzilla hits back

You might have noticed that El Reg has suggested Intel and Micron’s non-volatile XPoint memory claims are a tad overblown – for example here and here. Now Charlie Demerjian is giving Intel a good kicking in SemiAccurate, alleging the original claims were inaccurate and that “Intel’s Xpoint is pretty much broken”. For example, …
Chris Mellor, 22 Sep 2016
Nantero_CNT_tube

Deep inside Nantero's non-volatile carbon nanotube RAM tech

Two Fujitsu semiconductor businesses are licensing Nantero NRAM technology with joint Nantero-Fujitsu development to produce chips in 2018. They will have several thousand times faster rewrites and many thousands of times more rewrite cycles than embedded flash memory. NRAM, non-volatile RAM, is based on carbon nanotube (CNT) …
Chris Mellor, 31 Aug 2016
Samsung_PM1725a

Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 51Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something

VMworld Samsung is showing off a monster million IOPS SSD that can pump out read data at 6.4 gigabytes per second and store up to 6.4TB. NVMe PCIe is the fastest SSD interface, blasting SAS and SATA out of the park and the early promise of Fusion-io is now being realised with 3D NAND PCIe flash drives. The PM1725a [PDF] comes in both …
Chris Mellor, 30 Aug 2016
Intel_E_5420s

Sunny, summery Intel slips out six flashy 3D NAND SSDs

Intel has introduced six new SSDs using 3D NAND technology, with two client products, two data centre drives and two embedded Internet of Things drives. Chipzilla says these are the first of many utilising 3D NAND technology and we expect some of the existing 2D (planar) NAND drives to fall out of favour and be retired. The …
Chris Mellor, 26 Aug 2016
Zephyr 7 in flight. PIC: AIRBUS

UK military buys third £4m Zephyr drone for 'persistent surveillance' trials

The Ministry of Defence has bought a third solar-powered Zephyr-S surveillance drone for £4.3m, and says it “performs more like a satellite than a conventional UAV”. With its 25 metre wingspan covered in solar panel cells, this latest Zephyr-S is the third unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to be delivered as part of the MoD's £13m …
Gareth Corfield, 18 Aug 2016

'Flying Bum's' first flight was a gas, gas, gas

Video To quote Douglas Adams, “uglier things have been spotted in the sky, but not by reliable witnesses”: England's Airlander 10, nicknamed the “flying bum” for obvious reasons, has taken its first test flight. Originally created for the US Army's since-cancelled Long Endurance Multi-Intelligence Vehicle (LEMV), the enormous …

WD: Resistance is not futile

Analysis WD, with its acquired SanDisk operation, is squaring up to Intel and Micron’s XPoint with ReRAM - Resistive RAM technology. Back in October last year, the then independent SanDisk joined forces with HPE to fight XPoint. The two signed an agreement to develop Storage-Class Memory (SCM*), a non-volatile storage medium with DRAM- …
Chris Mellor, 16 Aug 2016
Swedish eggs and meat dish - pyttipanna

Intel overhyping flash-killer XPoint? Shocked, we're totally shocked

+Comment XPoint will substantially undershoot the 1,000-times-faster and 1,000-times-longer-lived-than-flash claims made by Intel when it was first announced – with just a 10-times speed boost and 2.5-times longer endurance in reality. This became clear when Micron presented details of its QuantX-branded XPoint memory technology at the …
Chris Mellor, 12 Aug 2016

Toshiba flashes 100TB QLC flash drive, may go on sale within months. Really

+Comment The Flash Memory Summit saw Toshiba deliver a presentation about quad-level cell (QLC) technology – adding substantially to the prospect of a product being delivered in the "near future". We heard about QLC NAND last month: it uses four bits per cell to hold your data. After Seagate tantalized us with a 60TB SSD, along comes …
Chris Mellor, 10 Aug 2016
Seagate_Nytro_XP7200

Seagate flashes 60TB (yes, sixty) SSD monster

Don't count us out of the flash drive business. That's Seagate's message at the Flash Memory Summit as it shows off another two new SSD products: an 8TB NVMe drive, and a massive 60TB SSD demo in a 3.5-inch form factor. The 60TB shows what's possible if you cram more than a 1,000 Micron 3D NAND dice into a full-size, 3.5-inch …
Chris Mellor, 09 Aug 2016
ExaFlash D-Series

ExaFlash: Cheap, dense, energy-sipper will 'empower humankind'

+Comment Nimbus Data has announced its scale-out ExaFlash all-flash array at the Flash Memory Summit, with four models ranging up to 4.5PB raw capacity in 4U. The claims are pretty big and prompt the question: "Is this for real?" Nimbus' overall claims for ExaFlash start from scale and rackspace density and ultimately encompass " …
Chris Mellor, 09 Aug 2016
Seagate_Nytro_XF1230_detail

Seagate coats SATA flash in Nytro, waits for explosion

Seagate has added a read-optimised SATA SSD to its Nytro line – the XF1230. The LSI Nytro SSD line was acquired by Seagate in 2014. This product is a 6Gbit/s SATA drive in a 2.5-inch case and comes with 240GB, 480GB, 960GB and 1.92TB capacities, using eMLC flash. We’re not told the cell geometry or the supplier, but Seagate …
Chris Mellor, 05 Aug 2016
Everspin_BGA_detail

Ballsup helps Toshiba double tablet SSD capacity

Toshiba has produced a tiny but bigger SSD for tablets and ultrathins by adding TLC 3D NAND to its BG1 SSD card product line, and doubling its capacity. The BG1 was introduced in August 2015 as a 256GB NVMe M.2 product. This product had an edge connector and was inserted into a socket. The actual chip was affixed to the M.2 …
Chris Mellor, 04 Aug 2016

Samsung Note 7: Probably the best phone in the world. Yeah – you heard right

Hands On Samsung unveiled the world’s best Android phone yesterday and I doubt if it will be bettered by anyone this year. But Samsung didn't name a price, nor assure us that the Note 7 will actually be available in the UK. (Its predecessor the Note 5 wasn’t and isn’t a UK product, we got the Edge 6+ instead, which doesn’t have all the …
Andrew Orlowski, 03 Aug 2016

Diablo backers toss $18m in pot to forge software keys to XPoint DIMM kingdom

Analysis Things are looking up for Diablo Technologies. It has pulled in another $18m in funding and has tier 1 server OEMs qualifying its Memory1 flash-as-memory technology. Also the Netlist lawsuits seem to be going away. Back in January it announced a $19m C‑round of funding, taking total funding to $77.8m. That C‑round was kept …
Chris Mellor, 02 Aug 2016

QLC flash is tricky stuff to make and use, so here's a primer

QLC flash primer Quad-level cell (QLC) flash stores 4 bits per NAND cell and is very tricky stuff to use, far trickier than TLC (3 bits/cell) which is harder to user than 2 bits/cell MLC which, you guessed it, is more difficult to use than 1bit/cell SLC. Why is QLC the hardest of all to use? It is the slowest to read and write …
Chris Mellor, 28 Jul 2016
Seagate_Nytro_M2_XM1440_2TB

Seagate soups up M.2 Nytro flash card

Seagate has more than doubled the maximum capacity of its Nytro M.2 XM1440 flash card from 980GB to 2TB. The 960GB XM1440 was introduced in August last year along with the XF1440, a 2.5-inch NVMe drive that had 2TB of capacity. Both used eMLC flash and were launched in August 2015. They came in performance (called capacity and …
Chris Mellor, 26 Jul 2016

Good gravy, Toshiba QLC flash chips are getting closer

Backgrounder Toshiba is pushing flash chip capacity higher on two fronts: through, er, Through Silicon Vias (TSVs) and by increasing a cell's bit count to four. We covered the TSV notion here and now take a look at quadruple level cell (QLC) flash technology. Toshiba will present on this and TSVs in a keynote session at the August 8-11 …
Chris Mellor, 18 Jul 2016

Newbie NVXL flashes takes-a-kicking NVMDurance offering

NVXL is bringing an enhanced endurance SSD to market by using NVMdurance technology. NVMdurance is an Irish startup that uses firmware in an FPGA to control and manage how data is written to an SSD in such as way as to extend its working life up to 10 times longer than before. It has a partnership with Intel to use the Altera …
Chris Mellor, 15 Jul 2016
Artist's impression of the podule in flight, under the balloon. Pic: World View

Capacity limits are utter tosh: Toshiba fattens SSD, disk with flash layers, helium

Analysis Toshiba is looking to boosted flash and disk capacities to grow storage revenues and help returned the troubled company to growth. In a July 6 in-house presentation investor relations briefing by Yasuo Naruke, President and CEO of Toshiba’s Storage and Electronic Devices Solutions Company, information was revealed …
Chris Mellor, 07 Jul 2016
K2 detail

Kaminario 'shelves' future. Between you and NVMe, it could get flashy

Analysis All-flash array vendor Kaminario has been in business a year longer than Pure Storage but is some way behind in sales, size and funding. However, it has begun expressing a technology vision that could accelerate its growth dramatically. We don’t know what Kaminario’s revenues from its K2 scale-up and scale-out arrays built …
Chris Mellor, 22 Jun 2016
Fingers crossed

SolidFire offers 'pay as you grow' deals to fight off software upstarts

Storage architect If you’ve ever had to scope out and purchase enterprise storage, you’ll know what a nightmare it can be. Vendors love to make the process as opaque as possible, with quotes that run into multiple pages and dozens of line items – including bezels and racks. Consider also the issue of adding more hardware (e.g. drives and …
Chris Evans, 08 Jun 2016

HPE bolts hi-capacity SSD support onto StoreServ

HPE is boosting all-flash 3PAR capacity with support for high-capacity SSDs, adding persistent storage for containers, and improving snapshots and file management services. At HPE Discover in Las Vegas, HPE announced StoreServ is getting: Hi-capacity SSD support - 7.68TB and 15.36TB 3D SSDs from, we understand, Samsung using …
Chris Mellor, 07 Jun 2016
Still from tv show three's company  copyright  	DLT Entertainment The Program Exchange FremantleMedia /cbs

Three's company: Micron intros first 3D and triple-level cell SSDs

Micron has announced its first 3D NAND SSDs, triple-level cell (TLC pr 3bits/cell) 1100 and MLC 2100 products. Intel, its flash foundry partner, introduced its own 3D SSDs, MLC (2bits/cell) ones, in March with the DC P3320 and P3520, with maximum capacity of 2TB. These had an NVME interface whereas Micron’s 1100 has the slower …
Chris Mellor, 01 Jun 2016
 Putting text-reading robots to work. Arthur_Caranta, CC BY-SA

New ARM designs clocked

Chip design boffins at ARM have unveiled specs for the Brit firm's latest ceepie-geepie offerings. The new Cortex-A73 CPU architecture promises to save more power, improving power efficiency by 30 per cent compared to the previous Cortex-A72, whilst boosting performance, and crucially, endurance. The new CPU will also be …
Katyanna Quach, 31 May 2016
PCM IBM chip, photo IBM

Great, IBM has had a PCM breakthrough. Who exactly is going to manufacture?

Analysis IBM has demonstrated a 3-bit Phase-Change Memory chip with IBM Zurich researcher Dr. Haris Pozidis talking about it in a YouTube video and not mentioning 3D XPoint once. The idea is to counter the relatively high cost of PCM chips by giving them 3 bits per cell, TLC or triple-level cells, instead of just one - clever. This …
Chris Mellor, 20 May 2016
PCM IBM chip, photo IBM

Hold the DRAM phone: IBM claims phase-change breakthrough

IBM has claimed a significant break through in phase-change memory which could potentially replace DRAM. Researchers at IBM say they have successfully managed to store 2 bits per cell in a chip employing a strip of 64,000 cells at some toasty temperatures and while under quite a bit of stress "for the first time ever". Multi- …
Katyanna Quach, 18 May 2016
EMC_Unity_bezel

EMC Unity or VNX3? You tell me

Opinion The big announcement at the recent EMC World was VNX3 – or EMC Unity as we now have to call it. The EMC marketing Reality Distortion Field is in full effect, with the company at pains to claim that Unity is a brand new product “designed from the ground up”, although your correspondent believes it appears to be significantly …
Chris Evans, 17 May 2016
Photograph by Mr Hicks64, Creative Commons, Commercial Use allowed (https://flic.kr/p/grR7Fw)

NVMdurance extends flash life tenfold

A small Irish startup says it can extend flash endurance tenfold, and has inked a supply deal with Altera to demonstrate the strength of its technology. NVMdurance was founded as Evolvability by Joe Sullivan and Conor Ryan in 2008 to carry out flash endurance consulting. In 2012 it gained funding and support from NRDC Ireland …
Chris Mellor, 10 May 2016
hdd_head_stack_648

Hold on a sec. When did HDDs get SSD-style workload rate limits?

Storage Architect A recent Register article reminded me that hard drive vendors are introducing warranty limits on their products for the amount of data that can be written to them in any one year. SSDs have always had this restriction; does the same now apply to HDDs? Solid state drives (SSDs) have always had this restriction because we know …
Chris Evans, 03 May 2016
SanDisk Z410

Alphabetti spaghetti: SanDisk adds SLC cache to TLC SSD

Acronym alert: SanDisk has upgraded its Z400 PC SSD by changing it from an MLC drive to a TLC one with an SLC cache, doubling its capacity as well making it faster. The Z400 SSD used 15nm MLC (2 bits/cell) flash when it was introduced a year ago. SanDisk has kept the 15nm NAND but changed it to TLC (3bits/cell), upping its …
Chris Mellor, 28 Apr 2016
Micron_16nm_NAND_wafer

Goodbye: XPoint is Intel's best exit from NAND production hell

Analysis 3D XPoint memory represents a door way to non-volatile profits for Intel and a passage away from NAND production, which is bedevilled by over-supply from costly fabrication plants with high costs. This idea starts from a simple question: how is Intel’s flash business doing? Not well, according to a financial analyst. In its …
Chris Mellor, 21 Apr 2016
3d_XPOint_structure

Storage with the speed of memory? XPoint, XPoint, that's our plan

Analysis Since the virtual dawn of computing, storage – where data puts its feet up when it's at home – has been massively slower than memory, where data puts on its trainers and goes for a quick run. That massive access speed gap has been getting narrower and narrower with each storage technology advance: paper tape, magnetic tape, …
Chris Mellor, 21 Apr 2016
Angry baby. Pic: Luke Addison/Flickr

Intel's XPoint emperor has no clothes, only soiled diapers

Opinion Intel's XPoint marketing is such frenetic, hype-filled BS that it is setting up the world to be utterly underwhelmed by the reality. We have had a mini deluge of XPoint memory chip news recently, with Frank Hady – Intel Fellow and Chief 3D XPoint Storage Architect – giving a pitch at the 7th Annual Non-Volatile Memories …
Chris Mellor, 15 Apr 2016