Original URL: http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/05/22/edge_research_lab/

El Reg chats with stormchasing Edge Research Lab

Kindred spirits in stratospheric endeavour

By Lester Haines

Posted in SPB, 22nd May 2014 11:47 GMT

Pics + Vids

One of the great pleasures of the Low Orbit Helium Assisted Navigator (LOHAN) project has been the chance to hook up with kindred spirits worldwide, such as Colorado-based Edge Research Lab, which recently donated a HackHD hi-def camera to our ballocket cause.

Edge formed around two-and-a-half years ago, "the result of a conversation over dinner one night where a few friends and I were discussing how we could justify the expense of our hobby of flying high-altitude balloons", as exec director David Patterson put it.

He told us: "During the course of the discussion, we hit upon an idea that we had heard years ago, but never seen done: launch a large number of sensors into a thunderstorm in an effort to more accurately profile the electrical characteristics of convective weather. Because we're a fan of awesome acronyms (a major reason that we love LOHAN so much), we settled on The BEACON Project - Balloon Enabled Atmospheric Conditions Observation Network.

"After some research, we discovered the largest number of sensor packages ever simultaneously inside of a thunderstorm is currently four, thanks in large part to the size and weight of the current payload designs used in the detection of the e-fields in thunderstorms.

"This weight also results in difficulty probing the electrical characteristics of the atmosphere above the thunderhead, as heavier payloads require more initial lift gas, causing the balloon to burst at a lower altitude. Being engineers of a fundamentally optimistic mindset (as most engineers are, at least in this way), we decided that we could do it better."

Quite right too. BEACON (PDF overview here) is on course to soar stratowards this summer, and on the road to their final close encounter with some big weather, David and fellow Edge directors Shawn Koehler and John Patty have incorporated as a non-profit organisation, put together an impressive team, and sent aloft 11 test flights, as well as lending a helping hand to other projects.

The Edge team with members of Taylor University’s ELEOSat

Edge's David Patterson, David Hughes, and Zach Palmer (L - R, front) lend a hand with the EOSS (Edge of Space Science) flight of Taylor University's ELEOSat nanosatellite project

Regarding just who does what down at Edge, David explained: "On the engineering side, I do embedded systems and our tracking, flight control, and communications systems, as well as testing infrastructure for our sensor suite. Zach Palmer is our designated Wizard of Everything. He owns the new sensor design, has designed a tracking system around a RockBlock unit (after we learned about it from you), writes code, and pretty much fixes anything that breaks.

"Mason Winsauer does embedded systems, and is currently working on a very lightweight payload that will allow us to stabilize and point our cameras (not an easy thing to do on the unstable platform of a HAB payload). Kyle Mordan is our mechanical engineer, working on the BEACON structure to ensure that it's light enough and sturdy enough to make it through a thunderstorm.

Mason Winsauer and Matt Rasband

Mason Winsauer and Matt Rasband.

"On the software side, our core team is made up of Matt Rasband, David Hughes, and Elliot Chalfant. These guys have put together some really cool capabilities, including Matt's real-time tracking webpage and David's real-time landing prediction page. They've also put together an engine that allows our FAA to track our balloons using VOR references, rather than just lat/lon.

"We have two commercial pilots on the team, Luke Christian and Jeremy Allen. Jeremy's wife Emily is an air traffic control operator, and serves as our primary liaison to the FAA."

Emily and Jeremy Allen

Emily and Jeremy Allen

Everything you need for some serious stratospheric tomfoolery

Finally, throw videographer Jeff Anderton into the mix, and you've got everything you need for some serious stratospheric tomfoolery.

Edge video man Jeff Anderton

Jeff Anderton: Whatever it takes to get the shot

To date, Edge's test flights have centred around testing BEACON kit, including "custom miniaturized sensor technology (derived from an e-field mill - EFM - intended for use on Mars)" integrated with "some cutting-edge sensing tech for attitude determination, radiation, constituent gas, and more, while enabling nanosecond-resolution timing across our entire sensor cluster."

EDGE 8, for example, featured the EFM payload, while EDGE 7 returned some "razor-sharp HD near infrared video".

Along the way they've also flown an ArduSat prototype payload, and the recent EDGE 11 mission lifted two payloads provided by South JeffCo (Jefferson County) Robotics, "a highschool robotics club formed via a collaboration of five area high schools".

EDGE 11 was the first flight to launch from Colorado Springs East Airport, after the airport agreed to let the team use its facilities. Here's the field seen from above, shortly after lift-off:

Still from downwards-facing camera on the EDGE 11 flight

Up, up and away: The launch of EDGE 11

Still from downwards-facing camera on the EDGE 11 flight
Still from downwards-facing camera on the EDGE 11 flight

I can see your airfield from here

EDGE 11 hit a maximum altitude of 26,690m before coming down some 80km from the launch site. Handily, the landowner was on hand to ferry the pursuit team to the payload on the back of a tractor. Recovery does, though, sometimes requires a bit of a trek, in this case of EDGE 7, some 8km from the nearest road:

A remote desert landing site some 8km from the nearest road

A bit of a hike: The team recovers the EDGE 7 payload

Well, it's impressive stuff, and we wish our US cousins all the best in their endeavours. David concluded: "Moving forward, we're focused on getting to the point of collection and publication of our first BEACON dataset. It is exciting for us to be working on an niche area of science -one of the few, we think, still truly open for real, meaningful input from a team of serious amateurs working out of basements, garages, and bedrooms." ®