Feeds

Boffins pen 'Guide to better spamming'

Small, widely-dispersed botnets ought to do the trick

  • alert
  • submit to reddit

Reducing security risks from open source software

Ignoring the manual and keeping your 'bot nimble are some of the tips a quartet of security researchers have recommended to help spam reach inboxes more effectively.

The recommendations were some of the findings in studies by a research group into the relationships between email harvesters, botmasters and spammers and the secrets of a successful spam campaign.

According to PhD researcher and Yahoo! contractor Gianluca Stringhini, spammers in the cybercrime market bought email lists and bot services from vendors who in turn provided manuals of how to use their wares to bomb inboxes more effectively.

But research by Stringhini and others found that spammers could significantly improve their campaigns by largely ignoring the manuals' recommendations and instead using a series of mathematical models they published.

The extensive mathematical model found in the manual for the infamous Cutwail botnet was flawed, the academics found, and may have been proposed to prop up the technical chops of the writer for 'marketing' purposes.

An alternative model was offered in the paper Stringhini co-authored with other University of California researchers, suggesting spammers tinker with the number of bots online (between 2000 to 3000 at once), the network's uptime and the total emails targeted.

The ne'er-do-wells should also ignore location when buying bots as researchers found inflated market prices did not correlate with better performance.

The research was not merely a guide to building better spambots.

Stringhini said the spamming triangle of turpitude was glued together with 'customer loyalty', a weakness that could be targeted by white hats in order to disrupt spamming ops.

"This customer loyalty can be leveraged for mitigation: by targeting a botnet - for example with a takedown, seizing their command and control servers - researchers would hit the spammer too who would have to find another botmaster and establish a new trust relationship from scratch," Stringhini told Vulture South.

"[Moreover] since spammers stick to a single email lists, it would be possible to track them even after they switch to another botnet by looking at the addresses that they target."

Earlier work by the researchers revealed methods for locating spambots and included a tool dubbed BotMagnifier which could track and analyse the menace.

Improved understanding of the spam ecosystem he said would allows weak points in the spam pipeline to be discovered and better mitigated.

"I hope that other researchers will take the insights provided in our paper and develop tools to win the battle against spamming botnets."

Gianluca Stringhini explains how to locate Spambots

®

Mobile application security vulnerability report

More from The Register

next story
LibreSSL RNG bug fix: What's all the forking fuss about, ask devs
Blow to bit-spitter 'tis but a flesh wound, claim team
Microsoft: You NEED bad passwords and should re-use them a lot
Dirty QWERTY a perfect P@ssword1 for garbage websites
Manic malware Mayhem spreads through Linux, FreeBSD web servers
And how Google could cripple infection rate in a second
NUDE SNAPS AGENCY: NSA bods love 'showing off your saucy selfies'
Swapping other people's sexts is a fringe benefit, says Snowden
L33t haxxors compete to p0wn popular home routers
EFF-endorsed SOHOpelessly Broken challenge will air routers' dirty zero day laundry
Own a Cisco modem or wireless gateway? It might be owned by someone else, too
Remote code exec in HTTP server hands kit to bad guys
British data cops: We need greater powers and more money
You want data butt kicking, we need bigger boots - ICO
Crooks fling banking Trojan at Japanese smut site fans
Wait - they're doing online banking with an unpatched Windows PC?
prev story

Whitepapers

Top three mobile application threats
Prevent sensitive data leakage over insecure channels or stolen mobile devices.
The Essential Guide to IT Transformation
ServiceNow discusses three IT transformations that can help CIO's automate IT services to transform IT and the enterprise.
Mobile application security vulnerability report
The alarming realities regarding the sheer number of applications vulnerable to attack, and the most common and easily addressable vulnerability errors.
How modern custom applications can spur business growth
Learn how to create, deploy and manage custom applications without consuming or expanding the need for scarce, expensive IT resources.
Consolidation: the foundation for IT and business transformation
In this whitepaper learn how effective consolidation of IT and business resources can enable multiple, meaningful business benefits.