Feeds

Gone in 30 minutes: Chinese tweets purged by army of censors

New report claims thousands of censors could be working for Sina Weibo

The Essential Guide to IT Transformation

The murky world of online self-censorship in China has come under the spotlight again in a new report which estimates that most post deletions on the Twitter-like Sina Weibo occur within the first 30 minutes of appearing.

The Velocity of Censorship: High-Fidelity Detection of Microblog Post Deletions, was researched by academics at Bowdoin College, Rice University and the University of New Mexico alongside independent researcher Tao Zhu(h/t MIT Technology Review).

Sina claims its service has over 500 million users, but for the purposes of this research the team concentrated on the posts of around 3,500 “sensitive” users with a track record of censorship.

Developing a system “which collects removed posts on targeted users in almost real time”, the researchers found that roughly 12 per cent of posts were deleted over the 15 day monitoring period – which amounts to more than 4,500 every day.

The research included the following observation(PDF):

Our research found that deletions happen most heavily in the first hour after a post has been made. Especially for original posts that are not reposts, most deletions occur within 5-30 minutes, accounting for 25 per cent of the total deletions of such posts. Nearly 90 per cent of the deletions of such posts happen within the first 24 hours of the post.

To enable such speedy censorship, the report claims a mixture of technical and non-technical filtering is used, with potentially thousands of staff employed to eyeball content, as per the following hypothesis:

The deletions happen most heavily for a regular post within 5 to 10 minutes of it being posted. Suppose an efficient worker can read 50 posts per minute, including the reposts and figures included in the posts. Then to read Weibo’s full 70,000 new posts in one minute, 1,400 workers working at the same time would be needed. If these workers only worked in 8 hour shifts, 4,200 workers would then be required.

Proactive keyword filtering blocks certain posts before they have gone live, or holds them for human review, while a range of retroactive mechanisms including backwards keyword and repost searches, public timeline filtering and monitoring of specific censorship-prone individuals were also highlighted in the report.

The research also hypothesises that the censors work “relatively independently, in a distributed fashion”, with activity only really dipping between around 1-7am and again slightly at 7pm – which the report authors claim could be due to the national TV news programme broadcast at that time.

Although the report casts new light on the speed and accuracy of China’s web censors, it doesn’t explain why more isn’t done to block potentially illegal content before it is even posted.

One possible answer came from Sina Weibo manager @geniune_Yu_Yang (正版于洋), who – apparently frustrated by user anger directed at the company’s army of censors - wrote an illuminating post of his own back in January.

He effectively argued that Sina is trying to work around the strict regulations forced upon it by government, by at least letting users see and disseminate their content for a few minutes before it is deleted.

He wrote:

You can see the messages before they are deleted, right? You still have your account functioning, right? You are all experienced netizens, you know that the technology allows us to delete messages in a second. Please think carefully on this.

Now, there is no way of proving whether this manager was engaging in a crafty piece of well-timed PR or if there’s some truth to his claims.

Somewhat ironically, his post too was deleted, which illustrates perfectly the central problem with censorship of this kind: there's no way of telling whether a piece of content is deleted because it was true, or because it wasn't. ®

Eight steps to building an HP BladeSystem

More from The Register

next story
ONE EMAIL costs mining company $300 MEEELION
Environmental activist walks free after hoax sent share price over a cliff
Arrr: Freetard-bothering Digital Economy Act tied up, thrown in the hold
Ministry of Fun confirms: Yes, we're busy doing nothing
Help yourself to anyone's photos FOR FREE, suggests UK.gov
Copyright law reforms will keep m'learned friends busy
Apple smacked with privacy sueball over Location Services
Class action launched on behalf of 100 million iPhone owners
US judge: YES, cops or feds so can slurp an ENTIRE Gmail account
Crooks don't have folders labelled 'drug records', opines NY beak
UK government officially adopts Open Document Format
Microsoft insurgency fails, earns snarky remark from UK digital services head
You! Pirate! Stop pirating, or we shall admonish you politely. Repeatedly, if necessary
And we shall go about telling people you smell. No, not really
prev story

Whitepapers

Top three mobile application threats
Prevent sensitive data leakage over insecure channels or stolen mobile devices.
Implementing global e-invoicing with guaranteed legal certainty
Explaining the role local tax compliance plays in successful supply chain management and e-business and how leading global brands are addressing this.
Boost IT visibility and business value
How building a great service catalog relieves pressure points and demonstrates the value of IT service management.
Designing a Defense for Mobile Applications
Learn about the various considerations for defending mobile applications - from the application architecture itself to the myriad testing technologies.
Build a business case: developing custom apps
Learn how to maximize the value of custom applications by accelerating and simplifying their development.