AMD: Star Trek holodecks within reach

Exec explains heterogeneous computing to Geordi La Forge

The Essential Guide to IT Transformation

ISSCC Twenty-five years ago, Star Trek: The Next Generation introduced the holodeck, a chamber aboard the USS Enterprise NCC-1701-D that could transform itself into any environment. In a decade or two, however, that sci-fi fantasy could be real.

So said the general manager of AMD's global business units, Lisa Su, speaking at the International Solid State Circuits Conference (ISSCC) in San Francisco on Monday morning.

To emphasize the fact that science fiction devices such as the holodeck can, indeed, move from fantasy to reality, she invited actor LeVar Burton, who played lieutenant commander Geordi La Forge in TNG, to join her onstage.

"We've gone from the flip-phone as a result of the [Star Trek] Communicator," Burton said. "We've got the Bluetooth ear device as a result of Lieutenant Uhura's communication device. My goodness, on the Enterprise we carried pads, and now we have got tablet computers."

So why not a holodeck today? Well, Su said, one obvious roadblock is the high computational requirement for the 360-degree imaging, directional audio, natural user interface, contextual computing, and so on that would be required to create a room that could change itself into, well, into anything,

According to Su, the technology that will enable that processing load is one that AMD has been promoting since at least 2009: heterogenous system architecture (HSA).

As a member of the HSA Foundation along with such worthies as ARM, Imagination, Texas Instruments, LG, Qualcomm, and others, AMD is working towards the day when CPUs, GPUs, and specialized accelerators can share and work with data residing in a shared memory architecture, and be transparently programmed to accomplish the tasks most suitable to them by using such popular languages as C, C++, and Java.

Geordi La Forge aka LeVar Burton aka Fram from Planet Mopar

"What we're really trying to do is have heterogeneous systems really become the foundation of our computing going forward," Su said. "And that's the idea that you make every processor and every accelerator a peer processor. So in other words, you want to be able to use high-level programming languages like C, C++, and Java; get lots of programmers able to use all of the hardware that we can put on a chip; and ensure that we're able to transition between all of these computing elements in a very seamless way."

To accomplish that seamlessness, a shared memory architecture will be critical – and it's certainly no coincidence that such an architecture is planned for the next iteration of AMD's APUs, Kaveri, planned for release in the second half of this year.

Su described her company's current APUs – code-named Llano and Trinity – as the first generation of integration: the CPU and GPU are on the same chip and they have the same memory controller, but they must move data back and forth to each other over the memory bus. "They're really bottlenecked by that bus," she said.

Kaveri will be the next step towards HSA integration. "The next generation of heterogeneous systems really looks at a much more 'system' view of the world," Su said. "This is where you can put CPUs, other HSA computing units like audio acceleration as well as graphics units together on-chip where they have unified, coherent memory."

Doing so will enable all of the compute and acceleration units to access all the data at a high throughput rate with minimal latency, and in much smaller chunks. The generation after that, Su said, will add "more sophistication in the graphics unit, including compute context switching and some graphics preemption."

That's the hardware side. "As a hardware person," she said, "I can say that putting the hardware together is not so hard. Getting the entire software ecosystem to come together is a harder challenge."

To do that, one goal is to develop the HSA intermediate language – HSAIL – to allow programmers familiar with such high-level programming languages as Java, C, and C++ to take advantage of HSA's capabilities.

"This is a big undertaking," Su said. "It requires a lot of cross-collaboration between hardware, software ecosystem, and all the industry standards that have to come around it. But if you think about what we could get with that – the idea that you could write your software once and run it anywhere."

And one of those anywheres, Su says, could be a holodeck. From her point of view, HSA could greatly assist holodeck-supportive algorithms such as RANSAC for computational photography, VAD for directional audio, a Markov model for improved speech recognition, and Haar face detection – that last one, Su said, being a particularly good example of an algorithm that can benefit from the ability to use the CPU when it's best suited to one of its tasks, and the GPU when its architecture is more suitable.

Although Su is convinced that the creation of a functioning holodeck is simply a matter of time, she wouldn't project a date certain as to when it might appear. "Maybe it's 10 years out, maybe it's 15 years out, maybe it's 20 years out," she said.

But she was quite certain about one thing: that simple, linear computing has taken us a far as it can go. "I think it's fair to say that the age of traditional computing is dead," said AMD's HSA champion. ®

Build a business case: developing custom apps

More from The Register

next story
4K video on terrestrial TV? Not if the WRC shares frequencies to mobiles
Have your say with Ofcom now, before Freeview becomes Feeview
iPad? More like iFAD: We reveal why Apple fell into IBM's arms
But never fear fanbois, you're still lapping up iPhones, Macs
You didn't get the MeMO? Asus Pad 7 Android tab is ... not bad
Really, er, stands out among cheapie 7-inchers
Apple winks at parents: C'mon, get your kid a tweaked Macbook Pro
Cheapest models given new processors, more RAM
YES, iPhones ARE getting slower with each new release of iOS
Old hardware doesn't get any faster with new software
Leaked Windows Phone 8.1 Update specs tease details of Nokia's next mobes
New screen sizes, dual SIMs, voice over LTE, and more
Microsoft stands on shore as tablet-laden boat sails away
Brit buyers still not falling for Windows' charms
Nintend-OH NO! Sorry, Mario – your profits are in another castle
Red-hatted mascot, red-colored logo, red-stained finance books
prev story


Implementing global e-invoicing with guaranteed legal certainty
Explaining the role local tax compliance plays in successful supply chain management and e-business and how leading global brands are addressing this.
Boost IT visibility and business value
How building a great service catalog relieves pressure points and demonstrates the value of IT service management.
Why and how to choose the right cloud vendor
The benefits of cloud-based storage in your processes. Eliminate onsite, disk-based backup and archiving in favor of cloud-based data protection.
The Essential Guide to IT Transformation
ServiceNow discusses three IT transformations that can help CIO's automate IT services to transform IT and the enterprise.
Maximize storage efficiency across the enterprise
The HP StoreOnce backup solution offers highly flexible, centrally managed, and highly efficient data protection for any enterprise.