Feeds

Boffins find RAT-SIZED bug-muncher links man to beast

But don't you see what that means, you dull-witted animal?

SANS - Survey on application security programs

The missing link between man and beast is a ancient rat-like creature that preceded all placental mammals - a group that encompasses both whales and humans.

Artist's rendering of placental mammal ancestor

Boffins have figured out that primates and dinosaurs did not co-exist, as the mammal ancestors didn't start diversifying into placental mammals (which includes primates) until after the dino extinction event. The finding was made with a cloud-based publicly accessible database called MorphoBank.

"Analysis of this massive dataset shows that placental mammals did not originate during the Mesozoic," said lead author Maureen O’Leary, associate professor at Stony Brook University and a research associate at the American Museum of Natural History.

"Species like rodents and primates did not share the Earth with non-avian dinosaurs but arose from a common ancestor - a small, insect-eating, scampering animal - shortly after the dinosaurs’ demise."

Scientists use two major types of data to figure out evolution: phenomic data - observational traits like anatomy and behaviour - and genomic data in DNA. The new study combines this data in simultaneous analysis.

"Discovering the tree of life is like piecing together a crime scene - it is a story that happened in the past that you can’t repeat,” O’Leary said. “Just like with a crime scene, the new tools of DNA add important information, but so do other physical clues like a body or, in the scientific realm, fossils, and anatomy. Combining all the evidence produces the most informed reconstruction of a past event.”

Some studies have suggested that placental mammals were around in the Late Cretaceous period and then survived the Cretaceous-Paleogene (KPg) extinction. But this analysis puts mammal life 36 million years later and so contradicts the idea that these animals evolved due to the fragmentation of supercontinent Gondwana during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods.

"Determining how these animals first made it to Africa is now an important research question along with many others that can be addressed using MorphoBank and the phylophenomic tree produced in this study,” said author Fernando Perini, professor at the Minas Gerais Federal University in Brazil.

The full study, "The Placental Mammal Ancestor and the Post-KPg Radiation of Placentals", published in Science, can be read here. ®

3 Big data security analytics techniques

More from The Register

next story
So, just how do you say 'the mutt's nuts' in French?
Vital linguistic question interrupts LOHAN spaceplane mission
95 floors in 43 SECONDS: Hitachi's new ultra-high-speed lift
Guangzhou skyscraper denizens to hold on to hats
Most Americans doubt Big Bang, not too sure about evolution, climate change – survey
Science no match for religion, politics, business interests
KILLER SPONGES menacing California coastline
Surfers are safe, crustaceans less so
Discovery time for 200m WONDER MATERIALS shaved from 4 MILLENNIA... to 4 years
Alloy, Alloy: Boffins in speed-classification breakthrough
LOHAN and the amazing technicolor spaceplane
Our Vulture 2 livery is wrapped, and it's les noix du mutt
Liftoff! SpaceX Falcon 9 lifts Dragon on third resupply mission to ISS
SpaceX snaps smartly into one-second launch window
STEALTHY NANOROBOTS dress up as viruses, prepare to sneak into YOUR BODY
Cloaking techniques nicked from viruses tackle roadblocks on way to medical frontier
prev story

Whitepapers

Mobile application security study
Download this report to see the alarming realities regarding the sheer number of applications vulnerable to attack, as well as the most common and easily addressable vulnerability errors.
3 Big data security analytics techniques
Applying these Big Data security analytics techniques can help you make your business safer by detecting attacks early, before significant damage is done.
The benefits of software based PBX
Why you should break free from your proprietary PBX and how to leverage your existing server hardware.
Securing web applications made simple and scalable
In this whitepaper learn how automated security testing can provide a simple and scalable way to protect your web applications.
Combat fraud and increase customer satisfaction
Based on their experience using HP ArcSight Enterprise Security Manager for IT security operations, Finansbank moved to HP ArcSight ESM for fraud management.