Brit 2.5-tonne nuke calculator is World's Oldest Working Computer
Elderly giant takes 10 seconds to divide a number
Britain's hefty Harwell Dekatron is back in the Guinness Book of World Records after being recognised - for the second time - as the world's oldest working digital computer.
The 2.5-tonne number-crunching goliath began life at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment in Harwell, Oxfordshire, in 1951, and put reliability over processing speed.
The wall-sized calculator - also known as the WITCH computer - held the record for being the planet's oldest operative computer for several years before it was decommissioned in 1973. Last year's reboot brought the ancient ticker back to life and allowed it to regain its title. It took three years of work by volunteers to restore the huge machine to its full working glory.
With 828 Dekatron tubes - used to build chains of counters and frequency dividers - and 480 relays and a user interface of 199 lamps, the whirring machine is a useful teaching tool, according to The National Museum of Computing where the beast nows lives and computes.
A video of the restoration process is on Youtube here:
Those specs in full:
- Power Consumption: 1.5kW
- Size: 2m high x 6m wide x 1m deep
- Weight: 2.5 tonnes
- Number of Dekatron counter tubes: 828
- Number of other valves: 131
- Number of relays: 480
- Number of contacts or relay switches: 7073
- Number of high speed relays: 26
- Number of lamps: 199
- Number of switches: 18
The WITCH is available to visit at The National Museum of Computing in Bletchley Park. ®
And if you talk to the people working on it,
They are immensely knowledgable and keen to share that knowledge.
The gentleman ("I know valves, not computers") who took time out to explain the machine and how it worked to my niece last year, then got her to step it through to demonstrate how it processed a calculation deserves my thanks. If there's been a bar handy, I'd have offered him a pint. Thank you Sir!
I love it... after using computers to fight fascism in Europe, we British then use computing for our second highest priority: ensuring we have enough cups of tea and cake.
Still better speed...
than most versions of windows. :D
In all seriousness, they did a fantastic job of recovery and restoration to make sure an important machine is kept for future generations to enjoy and learn from.