Small banking Trojan poses major risk
Size doesn't matter, after all
Security researchers have discovered a tiny, but highly capable banking Trojan.
Tinba (Tiny Banker, or otherwise known as Zusy) hooks itself into browsers before stealing banking login information and snaffling network traffic.
The malware used injected code and Man in The Browser (MiTB) tricks to change the way banking websites are presented to victims on compromised machines.
The technique is designed to thwart added security protections, most specifically two-factor authentication technologies, that have come into deployment by some banks. ZeuS, the well-established banking Trojan, uses much the same trickery to achieve the same nefarious ends.
Weighing in at just 20KB, Tinba represents a new family of banking Trojan. Antivirus detection of the analyzed samples is low, according to researchers at CSIS Security, a Danish firm.
Tinba uses a RC4 encryption scheme when communication with its Command & Control (C&C) servers, located at four hardcoded domains. "Tinba proves that malware with data stealing capabilities does not have to be 20MB of size," Peter Kruse, a researcher with CSIS, told El Reg.
His comments reference the avalanche of publicity that has accompanied the discovery of the Flame cyber-espionage toolkit, a portly 20MB chiefly notable for affecting systems in Iran and the ability to turn its worm like propagation routines on and off for added stealth.
CSIS has a detailed write-up of Tinba here. ®
Why I like independent researchers and loathe vendors
I'm sure CSIS sees the revelation of the hardcoded URLs as giving away proprietary info that gives them an advantage, and thus they'd lose their chance at getting a few panicked users to buy licenses of their product. It'll come out once an independent gets their hands on it.
^what he said.
Four, hardcoded. So it should be trivial for us to block them, if only we knew what they were.
2-factor for CC transactions?
My bank uses 2-factor (card+card reader) authentication, and I generally feel pretty safe when using it. This is only available for internet banking though; when I use a credit card to buy stuff, I don't get the same protection.
Isn't it time credit card companies started doing the same thing as banks? Would be a hell of a lot better than MasterCard SecureCode or whatever, which as a previous poster has mentioned would simply be seen as 2 passwords to a MiM attack.
ET because sometimes Mastercard and Visa seem to be on a different planet...