Feeds

Microsoft delivers fatal blow to yet another botnet

Kelihos, we hardly knew ye

Choosing a cloud hosting partner with confidence

Microsoft said it delivered a fatal legal blow to Kelihos, a botnet that stole sensitive personal information stored on computers it infected, and was capable of delivering almost 4 billion spam messages per day.

The takedown was achieved in part by obtaining a secret court order shutting down 21 internet addresses, including cz.cc, a free domain name registration service based in the Czech Republic. The underlying lawsuit was unsealed only after the command and control servers that relied on the domains were severed from the internet, making it impossible for the 42,000 or so infected computers to receive updated software and instructions from the Kelihos operators.

The knockout is the third time Microsoft has combined its technical and legal might to disrupt a botnet menacing its customers. In March, Redmond took credit for bringing down Rustock, a rogue network that turned about 1.6 million PCs into spam-spewing monsters. That achievement came after Microsoft worked to identify the domains and servers used to administer Rustock, so they could be confiscated all at once.

Ironically, Kelihos code bore a striking technical resemblance to Waledac, another spam botnet that Microsoft disabled early last year. Redmond's lawyers swooped down on Kelihos after some researchers suspected it was an attempt to rebuild Waledac.

“The Kelihos takedown is intended to send a strong message to those behind botnets that it's unwise for them to simply try to update their code and rebuild a botnet once we've dismantled it,” Richard Domingues Boscovich, a senior attorney in Microsoft's Digital Crimes Unit, wrote in a blog post published Tuesday. “When Microsoft takes a botnet down, we intend to keep it down – and we will continue to take action to protect our customers and platforms and hold bot herders accountable for their actions.”

A complaint filed in US District Court in Alexandria, Virginia, named 22 John Doe defendants, along with dotFREE SRO and Dominique Alexander Piatti, the business and individual owners respectively of the cz.cc service that issued more than 3,700 subdomains that infected computers that were used to connect to the Kelihos command and control servers. Kelihos operators then sent instructions causing the machines to pump out spam promoting illegal pharmaceutical drugs and to upload email addresses, FTP login credentials, and Bitcoin wallets.

According to Boscovich, Piatti's service was associated with other internet scams, including a bogus piece of antivirus software called MacDefender, which caused Apple support calls to spike earlier this year when huge numbers of Mac users were tricked into installing it. In May, Google blocked more than 200,000 cz.cc subdomains and reported that they were hosting malware before eventually reinstating them.

Now that Microsoft has obtained the cz.cc domain, it is working with Piatti to determine which ones are being used legitimately, so customers of his can get back online quickly.

According to IDG News, which reported the takedown earlier, Piatti declined to comment for the article except to say: “I would be glad to give you my side of the story, but I feel that I should hire a lawyer first.” ®

Internet Security Threat Report 2014

More from The Register

next story
FYI: OS X Yosemite's Spotlight tells Apple EVERYTHING you're looking for
It's on by default – didn't you read the small print?
Russian hackers exploit 'Sandworm' bug 'to spy on NATO, EU PCs'
Fix imminent from Microsoft for Vista, Server 2008, other stuff
Edward who? GCHQ boss dodges Snowden topic during last speech
UK spies would rather 'walk' than do 'mass surveillance'
Microsoft pulls another dodgy patch
Redmond makes a hash of hashing add-on
NOT OK GOOGLE: Android images can conceal code
It's been fixed, but hordes won't have applied the upgrade
'LulzSec leader Aush0k' found to be naughty boy not worthy of jail
15 months home detention leaves egg on feds' faces as they grab for more power
China is ALREADY spying on Apple iCloud users, claims watchdog
Attack harvests users' info at iPhone 6 launch
prev story

Whitepapers

Forging a new future with identity relationship management
Learn about ForgeRock's next generation IRM platform and how it is designed to empower CEOS's and enterprises to engage with consumers.
Why and how to choose the right cloud vendor
The benefits of cloud-based storage in your processes. Eliminate onsite, disk-based backup and archiving in favor of cloud-based data protection.
Three 1TB solid state scorchers up for grabs
Big SSDs can be expensive but think big and think free because you could be the lucky winner of one of three 1TB Samsung SSD 840 EVO drives that we’re giving away worth over £300 apiece.
Reg Reader Research: SaaS based Email and Office Productivity Tools
Read this Reg reader report which provides advice and guidance for SMBs towards the use of SaaS based email and Office productivity tools.
Security for virtualized datacentres
Legacy security solutions are inefficient due to the architectural differences between physical and virtual environments.