Forget Xmas: Get set for the octocore v Bulldozer DEATHMATCH

Chinese dark horse eyed nervously by bookies

Top 5 reasons to deploy VMware with Tegile

The great wheel of semiconductor life continues to turn. 'Tis the season to start gearing up for the International Solid State Circuits Conference in San Francisco. The ISSCC event is the second event of each new year, following the Consumer Electronics Show, where new PC processors and sundry other computing gadgets are brought to market. ISSCC is where the hard-core techies get to show off their etchings and their IQs, particularly with processors used in servers.

The most interesting chip for commercial servers that will be detailed at the ISSCC event could turn out to be the "Poulson" Itanium processor. The chipheads from Intel's Fort Collins, Colorado, and Hudson, Massachusetts, chip design labs will be showing off the Poulson chip, which we now know will have eight cores (Intel has been saying "at least eight cores") and 3.1 billion transistors implemented on a 32 nanometer 9M process.

The current quad-core "Tukwila" Itanium 9300s, which were announced at ISSCC last year and which started shipping around the middle of this year in blade servers from Hewlett-Packard, are implemented in a 65 nanometer process. Given its 2 billion transistors, it is a considerably larger processor. But despite the shrink, the Poulson chip will be plug-compatible with the Tukwila chips. Or more precisely, the Tukwila was delayed so its socket could be made compatible with Poulson chip in 2012 and its kicker, code-named "Kittson," for 2014, because server makers (meaning HP) balked at the short lifespan of the former Tukwila socket.

According to the ISSCC abstract, Intel will be showing off a "12-wide issue" Itanium chip with eight multi-threaded cores that has a ring-based system interface and a combined cache on the die of 50 MB. That's a weird number, with the Itanium 9300 having 512 KB of L2 instruction cache, 256 KB of L2 data cache, and 6 MB of L3 cache per core. Just keeping all of those cache sizes the same and ramping up to eight cores puts you at 54 MB.

Intel says in the abstract that the high-speed links on the chip allow for peak processor-to-processor bandwidth of up to 128 GB/sec and memory bandwidth of up to 45 GB/sec. David Kanter, over at Real World Technologies, has a theory that Intel will be putting together a reasonably new Itanium microarchitecture with Poulson, perhaps switching from two-thread HyperThreading to four threads of real simultaneous multithreading per core. This sounds reasonable to me, given that both IBM and Oracle are putting four and eight threads, respectively, on their Power7 and Sparc T3 cores.

The Poulson Itanium will have a die size of 18.2mm by 29.9mm, or 544.2 square mm. The current quad-core Tukwila weighs in at 21.5mm by 32.5mm, or 698.8 square mm. I would guess that some of that transistor shrink resulting area shrink is to boost the clock speed on the Itanium cores by anywhere from 25 to 30 per cent. That will more than double the performance of the Poulson over Tukwila systems, provided the DDR3 memory controllers and buffered memory cards can feed the extra clocks.

The other interesting tidbit from the ISSCC abstract is the target clock speed for Advanced Micro Devices' future "Bulldozer" cores used in a variety of workstation and server processors. El Reg has told you all about the Bulldozer designs here, there, and everywhere, and we were guessing that the 16-core "Interlagos" Opterons for two-socket and four-socket servers could hit somewhere around 2.75 GHz for standard parts.

The ISSCC abstract says "3.5 GHz+" is the target clock speed for the dual-core Bulldozer module when implemented in a 32 nanometer process. That is a big bump up in clock speed compared to the current 12-core "Magny-Cours" Opteron 6100s, which are baked in a 45 nanometer process and which top out at a measly 2.2 GHz. If AMD can ramp up the core count faster than Intel and also boost clock speeds to get into the 3 GHz zone where Xeon 5000 series processors play in two-socket boxes, then AMD could start being a contender again in the server racket.

The ISSCC teaser says that a two-core Bulldozer module will have 213 million transistors and will operate at voltages of between 0.8 and 1.3 volts. The Bulldozer module will take up 30.9 square mm of area, including 2 MB of L2 cache memory dedicated to the cores.

AMD will also be showing off the 40-entry unified out-of-order scheduler and integer execution unit for the Bulldozer cores at ISSCC. AMD says that the scheduler can issue up to four operations per cycle and supports single-cycle operation wakeup; the integer unit supports single-cycle bypass between four functional units.

Intel will also be showing off its future "Westmere-EX" ten-core processor for high-end Xeon servers, a kicker to the current Xeon 7500s that were announced back in March and helping to fuel heavy server configurations this year as companies implement virtualization on middle-tier and back-end systems. The "Sandy Bridge" CPU-GPU hybrids due to be launched in January at CES in PCs and laptops will also be detailed; these chips will sport up to four cores, an integrated GPU, and memory and PCI-Express controllers all on the same die.

Techies from IBM will be on hand to talk about the guts of the quad-core 5.2 GHz mainframe engine at the heart of its System zEnterprise 196 machines, which debuted in July and which IBM was chatting about at the Hot Chips conference in June. It is hard to imagine IBM saying anything new about the chip that we have not already told you in detail, but anything is possible.

Finally, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and its Longsoon Technologies chip designing arm will trot out the Godson-3B variant of the MIPS RISC processor that will eventually be at the heart of China's supercomputers - and maybe other kinds of servers, too. The Godson-3B is implemented in a 65 nanometer process and sports eight cores running at 1.05 GHz. The chip delivers 128 gigaflops of double-precision floating point math performance in a 40 watt envelope; it has 582.6 million transistors and has an area of 299.8 square mm. ®

Choosing a cloud hosting partner with confidence

More from The Register

next story
Fat fingered geo-block kept Aussies in the dark
NASA launches new climate model at SC14
75 days of supercomputing later ...
Yahoo! blames! MONSTER! email! OUTAGE! on! CUT! CABLE! bungle!
Weekend woe for BT as telco struggles to restore service
You think the CLOUD's insecure? It's BETTER than UK.GOV's DATA CENTRES
We don't even know where some of them ARE – Maude
Trio of XSS turns attackers into admins
Cloud unicorns are extinct so DiData cloud mess was YOUR fault
Applications need to be built to handle TITSUP incidents
BOFH: WHERE did this 'fax-enabled' printer UPGRADE come from?
Don't worry about that cable, it's part of the config
Astro-boffins start opening universe simulation data
Got a supercomputer? Want to simulate a universe? Here you go
prev story


Why cloud backup?
Combining the latest advancements in disk-based backup with secure, integrated, cloud technologies offer organizations fast and assured recovery of their critical enterprise data.
A strategic approach to identity relationship management
ForgeRock commissioned Forrester to evaluate companies’ IAM practices and requirements when it comes to customer-facing scenarios versus employee-facing ones.
5 critical considerations for enterprise cloud backup
Key considerations when evaluating cloud backup solutions to ensure adequate protection security and availability of enterprise data.
Reg Reader Research: SaaS based Email and Office Productivity Tools
Read this Reg reader report which provides advice and guidance for SMBs towards the use of SaaS based email and Office productivity tools.
Choosing a cloud hosting partner with confidence
Download Choosing a Cloud Hosting Provider with Confidence to learn more about cloud computing - the new opportunities and new security challenges.