Feeds

Plasma space-drive aces efficiency numbers: Set for ISS in 2014

Electro-rocket to open up Mars, the Belt, Jovian moons

The next step in data security

Electric plasma tortoise beats chemical rocket hare

Artist's pic of a solar-powered VASIMR moon mission

Solar plasma-craft: Good for the Earth-Moon vicinity or sunwards

Where a VASIMR comes into its own is in space, in Earth orbit or beyond, where it can keep on exerting its relatively tiny push for days or weeks where a chemical rocket with more poke can make only brief burns due to massive fuel consumption. VASIMR, given time to work, can gradually boost a spacecraft up to velocities that chemically-propelled ships could never dream of - and still have reaction mass left with which to slow down again, all the while carrying plenty of cargo.

In the Earth-Moon neighbourhood, according to VASIMR inventor Franklin Chang Díaz, plasma-propelled craft could be usefully powered by solar panels. The International Space Station, and perhaps in time more ordinary satellites, could maintain or shift their orbits far more economically than they do at present. NASA plans to try out a flight-rated VASIMR unit for manoeuvring the ISS in 2014. This should mean far less space on supply capsules taken up by chemical propellant, permitting more experiments or other payload to be delivered to the station.

A 10MW nuclear VASIMR ship concept

A nuclear-powered plasma ship able to reach Callisto, ice moon of Jupiter

Chang Díaz, a plasma physicist and former NASA astronaut with seven Shuttle missions to his credit, believes that solar-powered VASIMR craft would be a massive shot in the arm for space operations in the vicinity of Earth and the Moon. Further out from the Sun, however - towards Mars, the main Asteroid Belt and the outer planets - some other source of power would be needed as solar panels struggle to produce much juice out there. (It will not have escaped the notice of solar-powered Mars rover fans that despite the machines' tremendous longevity they have still not travelled as far as the much shorter-lived Soviet Moon rovers of the 1970s did.)

The only other long-term option for electrical power generation in space is nuclear, which tends to cause a lot of technofear alarmism when deployed (except when this is secret, as it has often been in the case of classified spy satellites).

But if concerns over nukes in space could be eased, nuclear-powered VASIMR could potentially open up the solar system to humanity. Chang Díaz's proposed 39-days-to-Mars astronaut ship would use already existing dustbin-sized reactors of the sort already used to propel submarines: more ambitious plasma-drive ships would make manned journeys to the Belt or even the gas-giant moons of the outer system practical.

Now that the VX-200 prototype has been shown to work, Ad Astra will proceed with developing the VF-200 flight version for the space station. ®

New hybrid storage solutions

More from The Register

next story
PORTAL TO ELSEWHERE scried in small galaxy far, far away
Supermassive black hole dominates titchy star formation
Bacon-related medical breakthrough wins Ig Nobel prize
Is there ANYTHING cured pork can't do?
Boffins say they've got Lithium batteries the wrong way around
Surprises at the nano-scale mean our ideas about how they charge could be all wrong
Edge Research Lab to tackle chilly LOHAN's final test flight
Our US allies to probe potential Vulture 2 servo freeze
Europe prepares to INVADE comet: Rosetta landing site chosen
No word yet on whether backup site is labelled 'K'
Cracked it - Vulture 2 power podule fires servos for 4 HOURS
Pixhawk avionics juice issue sorted, onwards to Spaceport America
Archaeologists and robots on hunt for more Antikythera pieces
How much of the world's oldest computer can they find?
prev story

Whitepapers

Secure remote control for conventional and virtual desktops
Balancing user privacy and privileged access, in accordance with compliance frameworks and legislation. Evaluating any potential remote control choice.
WIN a very cool portable ZX Spectrum
Win a one-off portable Spectrum built by legendary hardware hacker Ben Heck
Intelligent flash storage arrays
Tegile Intelligent Storage Arrays with IntelliFlash helps IT boost storage utilization and effciency while delivering unmatched storage savings and performance.
High Performance for All
While HPC is not new, it has traditionally been seen as a specialist area – is it now geared up to meet more mainstream requirements?
Beginner's guide to SSL certificates
De-mystify the technology involved and give you the information you need to make the best decision when considering your online security options.