Feeds

OpenStack infiltrates Ubuntu's cloud diet

Amazon not the only fruit

Combat fraud and increase customer satisfaction

Exclusive A new cloud is descending on Ubuntu - OpenStack, an alternative to its current preferred favorite, Eucalyptus.

APIs for the OpenStack cloud architecture – lead by Rackspace – are being built into the Linux distro's server side, The Reg has learned.

Developers have already added the Nova cloud-compute framework, written using PHP, and Swift, for scalable distributed object store. Swift features object, container, account, auth, and proxy services based on code from hoster Rackspace.

Together, these provide alternatives to Amazon's EC2 and S3 and their open-source sibling Eucalyptus, which is maintained commercially by start-up Eucalyptus Systems.

The OpenStack components have been added to the Ubuntu repositories as a contribution from the Linux's community members who happen to also be working on OpenStack.

The components are in tech preview mode, so they are not recommended for deployment in the line of fire and are intended only for "investigatory use".

Ubuntu 10.10 is as good as locked and loaded for its official release next Sunday, which suggests the OpenStack components are being readied for Ubuntu 11.04 - Natty Narwhal - or even the follow-up in a year's time, version 11.10 currently lacking a code name.

The absorption of OpenStack is a major development for a distro that's placed all its bets for cloud development on Eucalyptus. The thinking is that if a private data center is going to run a cloud on Linux, then it will do so on Ubuntu Linux and use an Amazon-like architecture.

OpenStack was launched just three months ago by RackSpace and NASA, with backing from 25 others, including AMD, Dell, and Intel. The goal is to provide a completely open, compute, and storage cloud architecture. It's available under the Apache 2.0 license.

Ubuntu's flight towards the cloud started with the addition of Amazon Machine Images (AMIs) in Ubuntu 9.04 last year. The relationship was furthered by Eucalyptus' support for the KVM hypervisor, used by Ubuntu.

While Eucalyptus may have ridden high on the hype surrounding Amazon, it seems the tide is beginning to flow in the opposite direction.

Eucalyptus mimics Amazon's AWS for private data centers, with its own cloud controller, storage, cluster and storage controller, and a node controller.

Eucalyptus is available under GPL 3, but "enterprise" features are only being added to a version that is maintained by commercial entity Eucalyptus Systems and that it makes available to paying customers under a closed license. Until now, that has meant features like support for VMware's vSphere, ESX and ESXi.

The prioritization has meant some features wanted by those outside the enterprise market drop off the list.

One company's control over what goes into Eucalyptus combined with a lack of suitable features helped breed OpenStack in July - with the full support of NASA. The government agency was building its own cloud, called Nebula, using Eucalyptus, and it had wanted features included for massive scale, but these weren't being added, according to NASA.

NASA wants Nebula to be something that goes far beyond the run-of-the-mill enterprise staples envisioned by Eucalyptus. The goal for a cloud that spans one million physical machines and 60 million servers.

Ubuntu's move towards OpenStack won't come lightly as Eucalyptus admits here the work on integration wasn't an easy task.

"Because Eucalyptus uses a combination of technologies, this packaging effort was quite manpower intensive, requiring a considerable commitment from the Ubuntu maintainers and developers who work for Canonical," Eucalyptus said. ®

High performance access to file storage

More from The Register

next story
This time it's 'Personal': new Office 365 sub covers just two devices
Redmond also brings Office into Google's back yard
Batten down the hatches, Ubuntu 14.04 LTS due in TWO DAYS
Admins dab straining server brows in advance of Trusty Tahr's long-term support landing
Microsoft lobs pre-release Windows Phone 8.1 at devs who dare
App makers can load it before anyone else, but if they do they're stuck with it
Half of Twitter's 'active users' are SILENT STALKERS
Nearly 50% have NEVER tweeted a word
Oh no, Joe: WinPhone users already griping over 8.1 mega-update
Hang on. Which bit of Developer Preview don't you understand?
Internet-of-stuff startup dumps NoSQL for ... SQL?
NoSQL taste great at first but lacks proper nutrients, says startup cloud whiz
Windows 8.1, which you probably haven't upgraded to yet, ALREADY OBSOLETE
Pre-Update versions of new Windows version will no longer support patches
Microsoft TIER SMEAR changes app prices whether devs ask or not
Some go up, some go down, Redmond goes silent
Red Hat to ship RHEL 7 release candidate with a taste of container tech
Grab 'near-final' version of next Enterprise Linux next week
prev story

Whitepapers

Designing a defence for mobile apps
In this whitepaper learn the various considerations for defending mobile applications; from the mobile application architecture itself to the myriad testing technologies needed to properly assess mobile applications risk.
3 Big data security analytics techniques
Applying these Big Data security analytics techniques can help you make your business safer by detecting attacks early, before significant damage is done.
Five 3D headsets to be won!
We were so impressed by the Durovis Dive headset we’ve asked the company to give some away to Reg readers.
The benefits of software based PBX
Why you should break free from your proprietary PBX and how to leverage your existing server hardware.
Securing web applications made simple and scalable
In this whitepaper learn how automated security testing can provide a simple and scalable way to protect your web applications.