Feeds

Bill Gates goes (mini) nuclear

Backs 'small reactor' startup

Build a business case: developing custom apps

A startup firm funded in part by Bill Gates is in talks with Toshiba about creating small, efficient nuclear energy reactors that are fueled not by treacherous uranium-235 or plutonium-239, but by relatively benign uranium-238.

According to a report (paid subscription) in the Wall Street Journal, a Toshiba spokesman says that the company is in the early stages of talks with TerraPower, a division of Intellectual Ventures, a self-styled "invention company."

Intellectual Ventures was co-founded by former 14-year Microsoftie Nathan Myhrvold. In addition to his long association with the world's second-richest man, Myhrvold has also worked with Stephen Hawking on research in cosmology and quantum theory and holds a doctorate in theoretical and mathematical physics from Princeton University.

We're talking some serious brainpower. The TerraPower team includes researchers who've worked with the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of California at Berkeley.

TerraPower's efforts are focused on traveling-wave reactor (TWR) technology. A TWR has the advantage over traditional fission reactors in that it contains only a small amount of enriched uranium, which triggers a wave of neutrons that move relatively slowly through the TWR's core of depleted uranium, more efficiently splitting uranium atoms in the core.

After its initial boost from enriched uranium, a TWR can run for 50 to 100 years without refueling or removing any used fuel, according to TerraPower. Needless to say, such a "start it up and forget about it" reactor has clear advantages over reactors based on expensive enriched uranium - not only in cost, but also in the elimination of the need to dispose of that pesky nuclear waste.

TerraPower has said that its goal is to create small-scale reactors that can produced "a few hundred megawatts," which would be ideal for emerging markets. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) defines "small" as being under 300MW in output, but the World Nuclear Association (WNA), an international nuclear-energy trade organization, boosts that definition to 500MW.

The WNA reports that companies such as NuScale Power are working on reactors as small as 45MW. NuScale's small reactor, however, is of the more traditional pressurized water reactor (PWR) type commonly found in nuclear-powered seagoing craft, and doesn't have the cost, safety and waste advantages of TWR technology.

According to the WSJ, long-time nuclear energy company General Atomics is also working on a reactor that uses spent fuel as its power source, but GA hasn't released information on their target size.

Gates' attraction to TerraPower's efforts and his interest in a possible collaboration with Toshiba come as no surprise. His Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation lists as one of its "Guiding Principles" that "science and technology have great potential to improve lives around the world".

An energy source that gobbles up existing nuclear waste, is small enough to be installed in emerging markets, and that can run for decades with no intervention could certainly improve lives, especially at a time when carbon-spewing oil, coal and gas plants are contributing to climate change.

In addition, by obviating the need for uranium enrichment and reprocessing, TWR technology could allow the production of nuclear energy without that annoying drawback of the proliferation of weapons-grade nuclear materials. ®

Secure remote control for conventional and virtual desktops

More from The Register

next story
Boffins attempt to prove the UNIVERSE IS JUST A HOLOGRAM
Is this the real life? Is this just fantasy?
Our LOHAN spaceplane ballocket Kickstarter climbs through £8000
Through 25 per cent but more is needed: Get your UNIQUE rewards!
China building SUPERSONIC SUBMARINE that travels in a BUBBLE
Shanghai to San Fran in two hours would be a trick, though
LOHAN tunes into ultra long range radio
And verily, Vultures shall speak status unto distant receivers
SpaceX prototype rocket EXPLODES over Texas. 'Tricky' biz, says Elon Musk
No injuries or near injuries. Flight stayed in designated area
Galileo, Galileo! Galileo, Galileo! Galileo fit to go. Magnifico
I'm just a poor boy, nobody loves me. But at least I can find my way with ESA GPS by 2017
EOS, Lockheed to track space junk from Oz
WA facility gets laser-eyes out of the fog
prev story

Whitepapers

Top 10 endpoint backup mistakes
Avoid the ten endpoint backup mistakes to ensure that your critical corporate data is protected and end user productivity is improved.
Implementing global e-invoicing with guaranteed legal certainty
Explaining the role local tax compliance plays in successful supply chain management and e-business and how leading global brands are addressing this.
Backing up distributed data
Eliminating the redundant use of bandwidth and storage capacity and application consolidation in the modern data center.
The essential guide to IT transformation
ServiceNow discusses three IT transformations that can help CIOs automate IT services to transform IT and the enterprise
Next gen security for virtualised datacentres
Legacy security solutions are inefficient due to the architectural differences between physical and virtual environments.