Feeds

ICO voices concern over creaking data protection law

Data Protection Directive approaching 15th birthday

Providing a secure and efficient Helpdesk

The Data Protection Directive is old-fashioned and out of date, a report published by the UK's privacy regulator the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) has said. Commissioner Richard Thomas said that the European Union must change its legislation.

The ICO commissioned RAND Europe to investigate whether or not 1995's EU Data Protection Directive was a good basis for Europe-wide data protection law. The research concluded that the law was flawed and needed to be updated.

It found that the law must be clearer about what it seeks to achieve, that it should be better at forcing organisations to protect personal data in their charge, that it should encourage a more strategic approach to enforcement and that it does not deal well enough with the export of personal data outside the EU.

Thomas said that the Directive, on which the UK's Data Protection Act is based, is outmoded. "The Directive is showing its age. Modern approaches to regulation mean that laws must concentrate on the real risks that people face in the modern world, must avoid unnecessary burdens, and must work well in practice," he said. "Organisations must embed privacy by design and data protection must become a top level corporate governance issue."

RAND said that the Directive would be improved by its fundamental approach to ensuring data privacy being changed. It said that the law should focus on the protection of individuals and the security of their data, and not on the processes that lead to that.

"The stronger, results oriented approach described in this report aims to protect data subjects against personal harm resulting from the unlawful processing of any data, rather than making personal data the building block of data protection regulations," said the report. "It would move away from a regulatory framework that measures the adequacy of data processing by measuring compliance with certain formalities, towards a framework that instead requires certain fundamental principles to be respected, and has the ability, legal authority and conviction to impose harsh sanctions when these principles are violated."

The report emphasized that a law alone will not properly protect personal data, that the behaviour of national regulators is crucial.

"The success or failure of privacy and data protection is not governed by the text of legislation, but rather by the actions of those called upon to enforce the law," it said. "It cannot be stressed enough that supervisory authorities must be given an appropriate level of responsibility for this arrangement to work."

Thomas said that the way that regulators operate is changing as people and organisations become more aware of the dangers of poor data security.

"21st century themes for regulating the privacy and integrity of personal information involve greater emphasis on trust, confidence, and transparency," he said. "Safeguarding personal information has become a major reputational issue for businesses and governments. They must be held accountable if things go wrong."

William Malcolm, a data protection law specialist at Pinsent Masons, the law firm behind OUT-LAW.COM, said that the analysis of the nature of the Directive was accurate.

"Both the Directive and the UK legislation deriving from it have always been mechanistic, rules-based and prescriptive; given the changing world in which we live, legislation which takes a more rights-based approach would be of benefit to organisations and individuals alike," he said.

The report made nine recommendations, including that the terms associated with data protection law, such as privacy by design, be clarified, and that enforcement methods be more closely harmonised.

Malcolm said that this is an appropriate time to be thinking about revising the EU law. "In 2010 we're coming upon the 15 year anniversary of the Directive. It would seem a fitting time to reflect on both the strengths and weaknesses and to ensure that the measures are delivering for individuals, businesses and organisations," he said.

The report can be read here (pdf).

Copyright © 2009, OUT-LAW.com

OUT-LAW.COM is part of international law firm Pinsent Masons.

Choosing a cloud hosting partner with confidence

More from The Register

next story
WHY did Sunday Mirror stoop to slurping selfies for smut sting?
Tabloid splashes, MP resigns - but there's a BIG copyright issue here
Spies, avert eyes! Tim Berners-Lee demands a UK digital bill of rights
Lobbies tetchy MPs 'to end indiscriminate online surveillance'
How the FLAC do I tell MP3s from lossless audio?
Can you hear the difference? Can anyone?
Inequality increasing? BOLLOCKS! You heard me: 'Screw the 1%'
There's morality and then there's economics ...
Google hits back at 'Dear Rupert' over search dominance claims
Choc Factory sniffs: 'We're not pirate-lovers - also, you publish The Sun'
EU to accuse Ireland of giving Apple an overly peachy tax deal – report
Probe expected to say single-digit rate was unlawful
While you queued for an iPhone 6, Apple's Cook sold shares worth $35m
Right before the stock took a 3.8% dive amid bent and broken mobe drama
prev story

Whitepapers

A strategic approach to identity relationship management
ForgeRock commissioned Forrester to evaluate companies’ IAM practices and requirements when it comes to customer-facing scenarios versus employee-facing ones.
Storage capacity and performance optimization at Mizuno USA
Mizuno USA turn to Tegile storage technology to solve both their SAN and backup issues.
High Performance for All
While HPC is not new, it has traditionally been seen as a specialist area – is it now geared up to meet more mainstream requirements?
Beginner's guide to SSL certificates
De-mystify the technology involved and give you the information you need to make the best decision when considering your online security options.
Security for virtualized datacentres
Legacy security solutions are inefficient due to the architectural differences between physical and virtual environments.