Debian 'Lenny' arrives: bigger, longer, searchable
Linux distro gets medical injection
There's something different about Lenny, the latest release of Debian that finally went live this weekend.
No, it's not that Lenny is the largest ever release of Debian with 23,000 binary packages (6,000 more than predecessor Etch).
It's the fact Lenny will be the first version of Debian that will let you search for specific packages using a combination of meta-data-based tags via the package manager.
Debian, the GNU/Linux that underpins Ubuntu among other Linuxes, has a reputation for being difficult. That's partly based on the fact that it's so customizable - something that reserves Debian for hard-core programmers.
The new search function has been introduced, though, to make it easier to sift through the huge ecosystem of new and existing packages. Some of these new packages will mean that Debian is now officially supported in new areas such as high-performance computing and medicine. Packages have existed before but are now tested and are supported, facts that should comfort adopters in environments where mistakes and glitches can prove deadly.
"It's become more of a problem helping people to find they packages they want," Debian project leader Steve McIntyre told The Reg as Lenny prepared to finally go live.
"We keep adding cool new software," he said. "There's a whole set of scientific packages have made it into this release...the people managing bit clusters wanted something stable...for many of them, this will be the first time they use them [the packages]."
He said a whole host of medical applications have snuck in. "Five years ago if you'd have asked me I'd have said we'd never get there. It's about as specific as it gets. But we've got doctors and people who are committers," McIntyre said.
Lenny is, of course, late - having been expected in September 2008. McIntyre said the huge number of committers to Debian and their globally distributed nature was the real reason for this, rather than the complexity of Debian or a growing list of bugs that needed attention.
Instead, there were disagreements over what packages to put in and take out. "It was noting earth shattering to people outside of Debian, but we were all very very interested."
Lenny had been pegged for delivery within an 18- to 24-month timeframe, and the disagreements meant it missed the 18-month mark.
On the upside, it came in at 22 months - so was two months inside the planned completion window. Not bad going for a project of more than 2,600 people, all with regular jobs and not getting paid to participate, who were spread across the world. Software projects with full-time, salaried staff are known to do a lot worse.
The next version of Debian, codenamed Stretch, is due in another 18 to 24 months.
I'm new to Debian 5 after using Ubuntu. I've also heard that Debian has many thousands of packages. So, how come I can't find Avidemux after searching for it in the default repositories of Synaptic Package Manager?
Please consider explaining to newbies how to add repositories to the system so we can get all 23,000 packages.
Also, There's no mention of the other included repositories:
- DFSG-Compatible Software with Non-Free Dependencies
- Non-DFSG-compatible Software
What are they? Do they have the extra packages like libdvdcss?
Thanks for your help.
Just about everyone else running Linux on the desktop (presumably on the desktop if you're running a browser) who has given any thought to what their UserAgent is set to has set it to either IE5.0 or something along the lines of "A VIC-20 with some killer add-ons" just because it gives them some perverse pleasure.
Re: Diffucult? Pah!
If the -dev packages are merged into the corresponding ‘main’ packages, that would make installation of libfoo1 and libfoo2 slightly tricky without diversions; and what if you need libfoo1's dev files for one thing and libfoo2's for another… no, leave it as it is. It's not broken.