Browser vulns and botnets head threat list
Security experts have looked into the crystal ball to predict the cyber attacks most likely to cause substantial damage this year.
The resulting list (below), drawn together by 12 security experts under the auspices of the SANS Institute, is based on an analysis of emerging attack patterns. Two of the resulting predictions - malware on consumer devices and web application security exploits - have already come true in the early days of 2008, evidence that that the run down is closer to the mark than other security predictions.
As is often the case browser exploit came out as the top threat in the run down but the risk is evolving. Web site attacks have migrated from simple exploits to more sophisticated attacks based on scripts that cycle through multiple exploits to yet more sophisticated attacks featuring packaged modules. One of the latest such modules, mpack, produces a claimed 10-25 per cent success rate in infecting surfers.
Attackers are actively placing exploit code on popular, trusted web sites where users have an expectation of security. Placing better attack tools on trusted sites is giving attackers a huge advantage over the unwary public. Meanwhile attackers have broadened the scope of the vulnerabilities they target to encompass components, such as Flash and QuickTime, that are not automatically patched when the browser is patched.
Evolution in existing threats - including stealthier botnet control techniques and more subtle social engineering approaches in phishing attacks - is a theme that runs through the whole list.
- Increasingly sophisticated website attacks that exploit browser vulnerabilities - especially on trusted websites.
- Increasing sophistication and effectiveness in botnets
- Cyber espionage efforts by well resourced organisations looking to extract large amounts of data – particularly using targeted phishing.
- An increase in mobile phone threats, especially against iPhones and Android-based phones.
- Insider attacks
- Advanced identity theft from persistent bots. Malicious agents that stay on compromised machines for months will be able to gather enough data to enable extortion attempts (against people who surf child porn sites, for example) and advanced identify theft attempts where criminals have enough data to pass basic security checks.
- Increasingly malicious spyware
- Web application security exploits
- Increasingly sophisticated social engineering including blending phishing with VoIP and event phishing. For example, a blended attack may include an inbound email, apparently being sent by a credit card company, asks recipients to "re-authorise" their credit cards by calling a 1-800 number. The number leads them (via VoIP) to an automated system in a foreign country that, quite convincingly, asks that they key in their credit card number, CVV, and expiration date.
- Supply chain attacks infecting consumer devices (USB thumb drives, GPS systems, photo frames, etc.) Retail outlets are increasingly becoming unwitting distributors of malware-infected devices, the experts warns.
The list will be formally launched at the SANS Security 2008 conference in New Orleans later on Monday (14 January). ®
And slipping to No 8 are web application security exploits. This has been moving up the list over the past decade as network attacks have become harder to do. I'd have expected this to be placed higher. One only has to visit the XSSed site to see that there are loads of insecure sites (although the most valuable tend to be the ones secured by SSL).
I'd put Insider attacks higher than No 5 though. We just don't know how much of this goes on as it's likely to be covered up.
Don't you just love technology. At least my trusty Nokia 3210 phone isn't prone to internet and bluetooth attacks!
The devil IS the detail
Next it will be that your GPS can be used to unlock your car doors, or your X-Box can disable your home security system, or your pacemaker can be used to give you nightmares, or that RFID tag in your toothpaste tube can give you ED.
"We really must be able to depend on shrink-wrapped products to be malware-free."
Quite a few outfits have been shipping shrink-wrapped malware for years. Complete with EULAs that state that it is unfit for any purpose and limiting your legal recourse.
So far as I know, no malware to date is capable of causing real physical harm. That would be next. That ringtone synched to your theta waves. That subliminal message in that spam that makes you "buy our stuff" and then "assassinate this political figure."
Remember Queensryche's - Operation Mindcrime (1988)?
Precisely what is that image at the bottom of
Did you get them on the NHS by any chance? o_O
Ok so if you have a GPS system then that can get hacked and do... what... exactly?
Lead you to the nearest field where hundereds of others will be too and then amanfromMars will come and take you to Mars??