Model use cases that work
Book extract, part 2 In the first extract from their book Use Case Driven Object Modeling with UML: Theory and Practice, Reg Dev regular and Agile Iconoclast Matt Stephens and his colleague Doug Rosenberg introduced you to domain modeling.
In this, the second of four installments, the duo show you how to write useful use cases so the design, work estimates and tests flow logically out of each use case.
With an initial domain model in place, it's time to begin writing use cases – highlighted in red in the ICONIX Process map below.
Putting the use case model on the map
Use cases give you a structured way of capturing the behavioral requirements of a system, so that you can reasonably create a design from them. They help you to answer the fundamental questions of what are the users of the system trying to do and what is the user experience. A surprising amount of what your software does is dictated by the way in which users must interact with it.
Top 10 use case modeling guidelines
The principles discussed in this chapter can be summed up as a list of guidelines. These guidelines, in turn, can be summed up in a single sentence: describe system usage in the context of the object model.
In practical terms, this means you need to reference domain classes that participate in the use case, and you need to name your screens and other boundary objects explicitly in the use-case text. Otherwise, your behavior requirements will be completely disconnected from your object model, and - surprise - you won't be able to drive designs from the use cases.
Here, then, is this chapter's 10-point checklist for successful use case modeling. As with our list last time, pay attention because we shall be asking questions:
10. Reference boundary classes (like screens) by name
9. Reference domain classes by name
8. Write your use cases using a noun-verb-noun sentence structure
7. Write the use case in the context of the object model
6. Remember that your use case is really a runtime behavior specification
5. Use GUI prototypes and screen mock ups
4. Write your use case using an event/response flow, describing both sides of the user/system dialog
3. Write your use cases in active voice
2. Organize your use cases with actors and use case diagrams
1. Follow the two-paragraph rule, and don't pad out the use case with presentation details