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Unpatched Mac OS X hole poses critical risk

Hackers go on Safari

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Security researchers have discovered a vulnerability in Mac OS X that creates a means for hackers to compromise vulnerable systems. The critical security flaw is unpatched but workarounds have been issued.

The flaw stems from errors in the processing of metadata file association meta data in ZIP archives. By renamed "safe file" extensions stored in ZIP archives, hackers could trick users into executing malicious shell scripts. The security bug might also be used to attack Apple Safari browser users by creating a means for attackers to automatically run malign code when a Safari user visits a malicious-constructed website, an even more potent exploit scenario.

The vulnerability has been confirmed on a fully patched system with Safari 2.0.3 and Mac OS X 10.4.5. Early versions might also be affected. Security notification firm Secunia has published a test here. It advises users to protect themselves against exploit by disabling the "Open safe files after downloading" option in Safari. Mac users should also avoid opening files in Zip archives that originate from untrusted sources.

"This is yet another example of the continuing spread of malicious code onto other platforms," said Alfred Huger, senior director of engineering at Symantec Security Response. "While there is no known exploit at this time, users are encouraged to turn off the 'Open safe files after downloading option' in their Safari browsers and watch for further information from Apple."

Discovery of the vulnerability follows last week's discovery of two low-level worms targeting Mac OS X: Leap-A and Inqtana-A. ®

Internet Security Threat Report 2014

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