Feeds

Hands on with Java XML filter pipelines

Ignored by many

Choosing a cloud hosting partner with confidence

Typical uses of Filters

Some typical uses of filters include:

• Normalization of whitespace in which contiguous whitespace PCDATA is replaced by a single space.

• Ignoring information in the originating XML document.

• Modifying elements in the original XML document.

• Adding data to the elements in the original XML document.

The following example illustrates how a filter can be used to modify an actual element such that the element passed to the processing application differs form that define din the original XML document.

A simple filter

The following listing shows a very simple SAX filter that changes all postal code elements into postcode elements. This effectively pre-processes the input document to modify one element, while allowing all other elements to pass through unchanged. This filter is presented in the following listing.

A Simple XMLFilter class

To be a Java XML filter a class must either implement the XMLFilter interface or extend the XMLFilterImpl class. In our case we are extending the XMLFilterImpl class from the org.xml.sax.helpers package as this means that we only need to implement those methods that will actually do something, (all other methods required by the XMLFilter interface are provided by inheritance from the XMLFilterImpl class). This keeps our code cleaner, and requires less work on our part.

We now free to implement only the methods startElement and endElement (be careful to make sure that the method signatures are the same as those in the XMLReader interface, otherwise you will be overloading the methods rather than overriding them, which will mean that your code will not be called).

Our startElement and endElement methods change the localName and the qName (qualified name) of the element to from the American postal code to the British postcode if the element postal code is found. Otherwise they just pass the data through unaltered.

Be careful to call the inherited super class methods once you have finished processing your data. This will enable the pipelining behaviour to be invoked.

SAX Processing Rules

You may wonder why we set both values. This has to do with rules regarding SAX processing and the state of the following two SAXParserFactory properties:

http://xml.org/sax/features/namespaces and the

http://xml.org/sax/features/namespace-prefixes properties.

Essentially, these rules say that:

1. the Namespace URI and local name are required when the namespaces property is true (the default), and are optional when the namespaces property is false (if one is specified, both must be);

2. the qualified name is required when the namespace-prefixes property is true, and is optional when the namespace-prefixes property is false (the default).

To handle these situations we are setting both parameters to the new element name. This is also why we test both parameters.

Secure remote control for conventional and virtual desktops

More from The Register

next story
ONE MILLION people already running Windows 10
A third of them are doing it in VMs, but early feedback focuses on frippery
Netscape Navigator - the browser that started it all - turns 20
It was 20 years ago today, Marc Andreeesen taught the band to play
Sway: Microsoft's new Office app doesn't have an Undo function
Content aggregation, meet the workplace ... oh
Sign off my IT project or I’ll PHONE your MUM
Honestly, it’s a piece of piss
Do Moan! MONSTER 6-day EMAIL OUTAGE hits Domain Monster
Customers freaked out by frightful service
Return of the Jedi – Apache reclaims web server crown
.london, .hamburg and .公司 - that's .com in Chinese - storm the web server charts
NetWare sales revive in China thanks to that man Snowden
If it ain't Microsoft, it's in fashion behind the Great Firewall
prev story

Whitepapers

Forging a new future with identity relationship management
Learn about ForgeRock's next generation IRM platform and how it is designed to empower CEOS's and enterprises to engage with consumers.
Win a year’s supply of chocolate
There is no techie angle to this competition so we're not going to pretend there is, but everyone loves chocolate so who cares.
Why cloud backup?
Combining the latest advancements in disk-based backup with secure, integrated, cloud technologies offer organizations fast and assured recovery of their critical enterprise data.
High Performance for All
While HPC is not new, it has traditionally been seen as a specialist area – is it now geared up to meet more mainstream requirements?
Saudi Petroleum chooses Tegile storage solution
A storage solution that addresses company growth and performance for business-critical applications of caseware archive and search along with other key operational systems.