Feeds

Farewell then, Alpha – Hello, Compaq the Box Shifter

End of an Era

  • alert
  • submit to reddit

Secure remote control for conventional and virtual desktops

Analysis Digital Equipment Corporation may have officially ceased to be in 1997, when it was taken over by Compaq, but Ken Olsen's great dream really died today. Compaq's decision to divest itself of the world's fastest chip, and to standardise its enterprise servers on Intel's Itanium marks the end of forty years in which its destiny was in its own hands.

The news means that the number of enterprise RISC processors that will be in active development at the end of the decade narrows down to just two: Sun's UltraSPARC family and IBM's POWER series. Both MIPS Inc and Hewlett Packard have long and graceful retirement plans for their processors which involve several more revisions. But both HP and MIPS' largest server customer Silicon Graphics have said their RISC systems will eventually be superseded by IA-64.

Any brief hopes that Intel was acquiring the Alpha team and technologies to provide a fall-back in case the Itanic sank were dashed by today's announcement.

The announcement involves Compaq honouring its commitment to produce a next generation, SMT (multi-threaded) Alpha, after which time the engineers will be transferred to Intel projects.

In other words, they'll be shovelling coal in the Itanic boiler room.

Compaq's OpenVMS, Tru64 Unix and its Tandem NSC Unix will be ported to IA-64 by 2004. That's a colossal task, and to meet this date we wouldn't be surprised to learn that porting work has already been underway for some time. Compaq acquired Tandem a year before it swallowed Digital, in 1996, and its Himalaya servers are currently being ported from MIPS to Alpha. CEO Mike Capellas in a memo dated 12 June, and leaked to semiconductor site The Inquirer, talks of double-digit growth targets for Himalaya. Given that Compaq will be supporting Himalaya on three platforms by 2004 - the original MIPS, the interim Alpha and the new Itanic flavours, that's very optimistic indeed. Who'll want to invest in an Alpha-based Himalaya that won't be upgradeable to Itanic?

Box-shifter economics

More significant than the Alpha divestment is Compaq's reorientation around being a services and solutions business, trailed in the Capellas memo. Capellas picked out Microsoft .NET as a leading candidate for future Compaq business.

We've seen this trend - dropping the home-grown technology in favour of becoming a Microsoft VAR - from many former enterprise giants over the past decade. It only remains to be seen exactly what kind of has-been Compaq will eventually become. As the example of Data General showed, it's a precarious existence. DG was swallowed by EMC some eighteen months ago.

Not having your own chip doesn't necessary mean becoming a Dell style box-shifter. But it is harder to justify continuing the investment in high end technology such as clustering in the commodity Intel model. Compaq doesn't turn into a Bull - which simply rebadges IBM RISC kit - overnight. Perhaps Unisys is a good example: it relies on Intel for chips, and Microsoft for the OS, but has used its historical mainframe partitioning expertise to produce a very fast enterprise class Windows x86 that's scooped the top spot in TPC shoot-outs. Other enterprise survivors don't provide much cheer. Fujitsu-owned ICL has hung on, just about, through its historical lock on certain vertical markets. But we can't remember the last time our new technology from ICL set our pulses racing.

DECquiem for a dream

Given that the Alpha processor's fortunes were in the hands of a PC company, and the PC business is facing a price-cutting bloodbath, the economics for continued investment in the chip were looking brutal. Compaq had fewer OEM customers for Alpha (although Cray uses the chip) than any of its RISC rivals.

But many will be mourning the fate of what remains the world's fastest chip. And what in likelihood will still be the world's fastest chip in a year's time, too. The Alpha's clean design is much admired by rivals, its relegation to the margins shows as great a loss of nerve, and confidence in one's own technology, as we can remember. ®

Related Stories

Intel takes Alpha from Compaq's hands
180-day plan to transform Compaq into services behemoth

Remote control for virtualized desktops

More from The Register

next story
MI6 oversight report on Lee Rigby murder: US web giants offer 'safe haven for TERRORISM'
PM urged to 'prioritise issue' after Facebook hindsight find
Assange™ slumps back on Ecuador's sofa after detention appeal binned
Swedish court rules there's 'great risk' WikiLeaker will dodge prosecution
I'll be back (and forward): Hollywood's time travel tribulations
Quick, call the Time Cops to sort out this paradox!
NSA mass spying reform KILLED by US Senators
Democrats needed just TWO more votes to keep alive bill reining in some surveillance
prev story

Whitepapers

10 ways wire data helps conquer IT complexity
IT teams can automatically detect problems across the IT environment, spot data theft, select unique pieces of transaction payloads to send to a data source, and more.
Why CIOs should rethink endpoint data protection in the age of mobility
Assessing trends in data protection, specifically with respect to mobile devices, BYOD, and remote employees.
A strategic approach to identity relationship management
ForgeRock commissioned Forrester to evaluate companies’ IAM practices and requirements when it comes to customer-facing scenarios versus employee-facing ones.
Reg Reader Research: SaaS based Email and Office Productivity Tools
Read this Reg reader report which provides advice and guidance for SMBs towards the use of SaaS based email and Office productivity tools.
Business security measures using SSL
Examines the major types of threats to information security that businesses face today and the techniques for mitigating those threats.